Today we are going to talk about The Longest Rivers in India. We know that rivers are very important in India. And many rivers in India are also considered sacred. Many rivers of India with religious, economic, cultural and social significance are undoubtedly the soul of the country. So let us gather a little more information about The Longest Rivers in India.
The Indus is known as the longest river in India. The word itself is a Sanskrit word derived indirectly from Sindh and was referred to by the locals as the river Indus. This river originates in the locale of Lake Mansarovar in Tibet before entering India. The Indus River flows from Ladakh to Punjab and joins the Arabian Sea at the port of Karachi. The river Indus flows through Himachal Pradesh and it is worth mentioning that the river Indus supplies water to Punjab, the agricultural center of India.
The river is also the longest river in Pakistan. The total drainage area of the river Indus is more than 450,000 square miles. The estimated annual flow of the Indus River is about 243 km3, which makes it one of the largest rivers in the world, twice as much as the Nile and three times as much as the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Length of Indus River : 3,180 km
2. Brahmaputra River
The Brahmaputra River flows through Assam and Arunachal Pradesh as well as Tibet, India and Bangladesh. This river is a diagonal boundary river. Located as the Yarlung Tsangpo River in the north of the Himalayas in Burang County of Tibet with the origin of the Brahmaputra River in the Mansarovar Lake region and flowing along this River in southern Tibet near Mount Kailash. The Brahmaputra River can break the Himalayas with great lakes.
This river flows as a river of clouds before it empties into the Bay of Bengal. The river is an important river for irrigation and transportation in the region. The Brahmaputra River has an average depth of 140 m and a maximum depth of 370 m. When the Brahmaputra River melts the snow in the Himalayas, catastrophic floods are likely in spring. The average discharge of this river is about 45,000 m3 / s.
Length of Brahmaputra River : 3,848 km
The river Ganga is known as one of the longest rivers in India and at the same time it is considered to be the most famous river. Asia has an outer river that flows through India and Bangladesh. Ganga River is an external river of Asia and it flows through India and Bangladesh. The river Ganga is the lifeblood of millions of people who live on the banks of the river. Ganga River is a sacred river. The river is worshiped in Hinduism as Goddess Ganga.
This is in danger of serious pollution. Pollution in the river Ganga is a danger not only to humans but also to animals. There are about 140 species of fish and 90 species of amphibians in the river Ganga. The Ganges River includes reptiles and mammals and critically endangered species such as the Gharial and South Asian river dolphins. This river has been historically important.
Length of Ganga River : 2,704 km
The source of Godavari River is found in the state of Maharashtra in western India. The Godavari River was sometimes referred to as the "Ganges of the South". This river shares a rich historical history with its more famous cousin. The Godavari River has been a feature of Hindu scriptures since ancient times. The Godavari river delta supports more than 700 people per square km.
The Godavari river flows eastwards through the states of Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. The Godavari River eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal through a vast network of rivers. The Godavari River forms one of the largest river banks in the Indian subcontinent, with only the Ganges and Indus rivers having large drainage basins. This River is the largest peninsula in India in terms of length, catchment area and discharge.
Length of Godavari River : 1,465 km
The river Narmada is also known as Reva and earlier Narmada River was also called Nerbudda. This river flows through the central part of the country. The Narmada River is technically the third longest after Godavari and Krishna, considering only the rivers flowing within India. This river is unique in that it flows west. The Narmada River is considered to be the holiest river in India.
This River is also known as the "Life Line of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat" for its many contributions to the state of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Tapti River and the Mahi River Narmada River is one of the rivers of India which flows in the rift valley and which flows west between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges. This river does not form a delta as it is a rift valley river. The name Narmada River means "The Giver of Pleasure".
Length of Godavari River : 1,312 km
This river is also called Krishnaveni River. The Krishna River is found in the Western Ghats in the southeastern part of India. The Krishna River flows through the states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka. The river originates in Mahabaleshwar, a small town in the state of Maharashtra. The largest tributaries of the Krishna River are the Tungabhadra and the Bhim. This river is known as one of the longest rivers in India.
The river is known for its fast flow and short depth and can easily reach a depth of 23 m. The area around Krishna River is prone to soil erosion during monsoon. Krishna River is the most suitable arable basin as 75.6% of the basin area is under cultivation due to availability of water. The delta of the Krishna River is the most fertile region of India and was the home of the ancient Satavahana and Ikshvaku Sun dynasty kings of this river.
Length of Krishna River : 1,400 km
The Mahanadi River is known as one of the major rivers of East Central India. The Mahanadi River covers an area of about 141,600 square kilometers. This river is also known for Hirakud Dam. This River flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Odisha. The river properly enters the sea through several rivers near Paradeep at Falls Point in Jagatsinghpur. The numerous distributors of this river and the combined delta of Brahmani is one of the largest in India.
Like many other seasonal Indian rivers this river is also a combination of many mountain streams and hence it is impossible to pinpoint the exact source of the Mahanadi River. However, the farthest aquifer of the Mahanadi River is in the Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh, south of the city of Sihawa, in a dense forest, about 11 km from 442 m above sea level to 6 km from the village of Pharsiya.
Length of Mahanadi River : 858 km
The Kaveri River is known as an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The river rises at an average elevation of 1,341 m above sea level, at Talakaveri on the Brahmagiri Range, the Western Ghats in the Kodagu district of the state of Karnataka. The Kaveri River is known as the third largest river in South India after Godavari and Krishna and is the largest river in the state of Tamil Nadu.
The Kaveri River, on its way, divides the state into north and south. This river is sacred to the people of South India and is worshiped as Goddess Kaveriamma. The Kaveri River is also one of the seven sacred rivers of India. The catchment area of this river basin is estimated to be 81,155 square and has several tributaries including Bhavani, Harangi, Hemavati, Kabini, Laxman Tirth, Newal and Arkavati.
Length of Kaveri River : 805 km
9. Yarlung Tsangpo
The Yarlung Tsangpo River is known as the longest river in Tibet. The Yarlung Tsangpo River also flows into India in the far northeastern part of Arunachal Pradesh. The Yarlung Tsangpo River is responsible for the formation of a valley with the same name. This river is called Yarlung Zangbo. The river is wider than Arunachal Pradesh and is called Siang. Leaving the Tibetan plateau, the Yarlung Tsangpo River forms the Grand Canyon, the largest and deepest valley in the world.
The river basin is bounded on the south by the Himalayas and on the north by the Kang Rinpoche and Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains. The Yarlung Tsangpo River has a less intense climate than the more northern parts of Tibet and is home to most areas. The river has three main waterfalls along its entire route. The river has been the target of numerous teams involved in research and whitewater kayaking since the 1990s.
Length of Yarlung Tsangpo River : 2,840 km
This river is sometimes referred to as Satluj or the Satadree. The Sutlej River flows through the North Indian states as well as China, India and Pakistan. Most of the Sutlej River is in Pakistan. Sutlej is a major source of hydroelectric power in the region due to the very fast flow of the Sutlej River. Several dams have been completed on the Sutlej River. The Sutlej River is known to flow from very high altitudes. The Sutlej River is a part of the Indus River system.
The average annual flow of the Sutlej River, downstream of the Bhakra Dam, is 14 million acre feet above the Roper Barrage. Evidence suggests that the Indus Valley Civilization also developed on the Sutlej River. The Ungti Chu and Pare Chu rivers flowing through the southeastern part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir are tributaries of this river. The Sutlej River forms a large delta area between the borders of Gujarat, India and Pakistan.
Length of Sutlej River : 1,450 km
The river is known as the second largest tributary of the Ganges and the longest tributary in India. The Yamuna River rises from the Yamunotri Glacier at an altitude of 6,387 m on the southwestern slopes of the Banderpooch peaks in the lower Himalayas of Uttarakhand. The Yamuna River sustains the livelihoods of 50 million people. The Nadu is notable for being the largest river in India and which never flows into the sea.
The drainage system in the Yamuna River is 366,223 square kilometers. The Triveni confluence of the Yamuna River merges with the Ganges at Prayagraj and is the site of the Kumbh Mela, a Hindu festival every 12 years. In Hindu mythology the Yamuna River is the Sun God, the daughter of the Sun and the sister of the God of Death Yama hence the river is also known as Yami. According to popular legend, bathing in the holy waters of the Yamuna River frees a person from the persecution of death.
Length of Yamuna River : 1,376 km
The river is located in the southern part of India, in the state of Tamil Nadu. The Gadilam River is sometimes referred to as the Kedilam River. The Gadilam River flows into the Bay of Bengal. Gadilam River has a water flow, drainage area and sand storage volume. The Gadilam River usually floods during the monsoon season and raises the water table and feed tank on the basin of this river.
Some of the famous temples like Thiruvathigai Veerattaneswarar temple and Thiruvanthipuram Thevanathan perumal temple are located on the banks of Gadilam River. Gadilam River is also mentioned in medieval devotional literature like Thevaram. Fort st the ruins of David are located at the mouth of the Gadilam River.
Length of Gadilam River : 1,334 km