Korea train express is in south Korea’s. It is highly speed rail system , operated by korali. In 1992 construction began on the high speed line from Seoul to Busan. In April 1, 2004 KTX services was launched. Trains regular service is 305 km/h. In the next generation KTX train HEMU-430x and it’s speed is 421.4 km/h in 2013. Japan , France, and China after south Korea the world’s fourth country develop a high speed train running on conventional rail above 420 km/h.History
Korea’s main traffic corridor is the Seoul -Busan axis. It represented 65.8% of south Korea’s population in 1982. And in 1995 a number that grew to 73.3% and 70% of freight traffic and 66% of passengers traffic. In 1970s both the Gyeongbu Expressway and koralis Gyeongbu line congested as of the late. A Seoul-Busan time of 1 hour 30 minutes gave the positive result. The go ahead for the project the institution of managers it preparation was established in 1989.
Train is the Gyeongbu high speed electric railway & new international airport committee and high speed electric railway planning department. The planned Seoul-Busan travel time was 1 hour 57 minutes in 1990. August 1998 it’s project completed. In March 1922 the Korea high speed rail construction authority was established and a separate body with its own budget responsible for the project.
It’s completion date is pushed back to May 2002. In funded include direct government grants is 35% , government and foreign 10% , loans is 18% , domestic bond sales is 31% and private capital is 6%. On June 30 1992 KHSRCA started construction of the Seoul-Busan Gyeongbu high speed railways. It is the 57 km long selection from Cheonan To Daejeon. Train path is the planned 411 km line, 152.73 km laid on bridges and 138.68 km in tunnels. The train speed is also reduced from 350 km/h to the 300km/h maximum of high speed train on the market.
The rolling stock , catenary and signalling are competitors bid for the supply of the core system. The alliance of GEC-Alsthom And its Korean subsidiary Eurorail Was chosen as winner in 1994. Asian financial crisis the government decided to realize the Gyeongbu HSR in two phases in 1997. The parallel conversation line along the rest of the Seoul-Busan route. The budget first phase is 12,737.7 billion won in prices in 1998.
In July 1998 the Daegu-Busan selection of the Gyeongbu HSR a separate project and a budget of 5,698.1 billion won. The project was modified to again including the Daejeon and Daegu urban passages in August 2006. It’s construction started in June 2002. It’s total length is 23.4 km and 38 tunnels with a 74.2 km. And the 43,540 ft wonhyo tunnel under mount cheon seong south West of Ulsan. It is the second longest tunnels in Korea once the line is opened. In 2011 the route Seoul-Jeju Has mentioned as the world’s busiest air route with 9.9 million passengers.
The KTX-I train known as TGV-K and 46 train was built. 12 train is in France by Alstom in south Korea by rotem. It is carry up to 935 passengers at a regular speed of 300km/h.The domestic high speed rail technology. The project was they car high speed train HSR-35ox. The names G7 , KHST and NG-KTX is later officially renamed Hanvit350. December 16 2004 in the course of which HSR-35OX achieved the south Korean rail speed record of 352.4 km/h March 2 , 2010 the first units started commercial service.
In April 1 , 2004 a phase of test operation regular KTX service started and maximum speed of 300 km/h along the finished selection of the Gyeongbu HSR. On November 26 , 2007 top speed was raised to 305 km/h. The new services cut the route length from 441.7 to 408.5 km in 2004. In KTX train two classes which first class and standard class. The KTX-II in window thickness and sound insulation is improved. First class KTX trains easy standard on both classes generation of trains.