Today we are discussing the Ural Mountains. This is a mountain range. The Ural Mountains extend almost from north to south. The Ural Mountains are found in western Russia, from the shores of the Arctic Ocean to the Urals and northwestern Kazakhstan. The Ural Mountains form part of the traditional boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe. This mountain range forms the further chain formation in the Arctic Ocean north of the islands of Vaygach Island and Novaya Zemlya. So let's gather a little more information about the Ural Mountains.
The Ural Mountains have existed for 250 million years. These mountains fall within the Ural geographical area. And the Ural Mountains significantly overlap with the Ural Federal District and the Ural Economic Zone. The Ural Mountains have rich resources, including coal, ore and precious and semi-precious stones. The Ural Mountains have made significant contributions to the mineral sector of the Russian economy since the 18th century.
Medieval geographers of the 10th century were fully aware of the existence of the Ural Mountains, which stretched as far north as the Arctic Ocean. Solikamsk was established at work in the foothills of the Ural Mountains in 1430 and salt was produced in the open pans. The Southern and Central Ural Mountains were still largely unavailable and unfamiliar to Russian and Western European geographers.
The first adequate geographical survey of the mountains of this type was completed in the early 18th century under the command of Peter I by the Russian historian and geographer Vasily Tatishchev. The first scientific description of the Ural Mountains was published in 1770-71. The first railway to the Ural Mountains was built by 1878. A railway on the Ural Mountains became Chelyabinsk and Ufa in 1890 via Zlatoust.
In 1927 the highest peak of the Mountains and Narodnaya Mountain were identified. The Ural Mountains became a major element in planning for the Nazi territories during the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941–1942.
Rivers and Lakes
Many rivers flow from these mountains. The Ural Mountains are mainly west through the Pechora basin and which includes Shchugor, Ilych and the USA. Rivers on the Ural Mountains have been stagnant for more than half a year. In general, the western rivers of the Ural Mountains have higher flow rates than the eastern ones. Rivers are slower in the Southern Urals region of the Mountains.
The Ural Mountains have a number of deep lakes. The Mountains are many parts of the lake in the eastern top lakes of southern and central Urals and most of them are Itkul, Tavatuy, Turgoyak and Uvildy lakes. The lakes found on the western slopes of the Ural Mountains are less numerous and smaller. Other lakes are also found in the glacial valleys of the Ural Mountains.
The Mountains stretch for about 2,500 km from the Kara Sea to the Kazakh steppe. Vaygach Island and Novaya Zemlya Island from the Ural Mountains form a further continuation of the chain to the north. Geographically that range of the Ural Mountains marks the northern part of the border between the continents of Europe and Asia. The highest peak of the Ural Mountains is Narodnaya Mountain. 5 type of Ural like Polar Ural, Nether-polar Ural, Northern Ural, Middle Ural, Southern Ural.
The Ural Mountains have an area of about 25,000 km and a sharp disintegration relief. This mountain range is exposed to stone with sharp stripes and yet rounded or flattened tops are also found. Many of the stripes of the Ural Mountains are shaped and scattered along the river through the river valleys. The Northern Ural Mountains have a range of parallel stripes ranging from 1000-11,200 m in height and longitude.
The strip of the Ural Mountains extending from north to south effectively absorbs sunlight and thereby increases the temperature of the Ural Mountains. The western regions of the mountains are 1–2 ° C warmer in winter than the eastern regions because the former regions are warmer by the Atlantic winds while the eastern slopes are cooled by the Siberian air masses.
The western parts of the Ural Mountains also receive 150–300 mm of rainfall per year more than the eastern regions. The highest rainfall in the Ural Mountains is about 1000 mm and in the Northern Urals up to 1000 cm with snow. The eastern regions of the Ural Mountains range from 500-600 mm in the north to 300–400 mm in the south. The Ural Mountains receive maximum rainfall even in summer.
The forests of the Ural Mountains are home to typical Siberian animals. The Ural Mountains are home to animals such as foxes, elk, brown bears, wolves, lynxes, wolverines, squirrels and sable. Due to the easy accessibility of the Ural Mountains, there are no special mountain species. Bird species on this mountain range are represented by hazel groves, capercaillie, black grouse, spotted nutcrackers and cuckoos. There are many birds of prey on this mountain range, including a few buzzards and kestrels.
The forests of the Ural Mountains are dominated by stripes.. The lower parts of the slopes of the Ural Mountains meadow have developed and are covered with zigzag and Serratula gmelinii, mountain clovers, dropwort and Bromus inermis and reach a height of 60-80 cm. The areas to the west of this range are dominated by black coniferous taiga forests, which in the south turn into mixed and deciduous forests.
Light coniferous taiga forests are also found on the ridges. The line of trees in the Ural Mountains is 250-400 meters. The polar forests of the Ural Mountains are low and merge with swamps, bogs, lichens and shrubs. Dwarf birch, algae and berry trees abound in the Ural Mountains. Along with coniferous forests on the Ural Mountains, there are also abundant broadleaf tree species such as English oak, Norwegian maple and elm.
The Ural Mountains are seen by the Russians as a "treasure box" of mineral resources. The Ural Mountains were the basis for the extensive industrial development of the Russians. In addition to iron and copper, gold, malachite, alexandrite and other gems from the Ural Mountains were used by court jeweler Faberge. In the Ural Mountains, the Russians collect mushrooms and berries.
The continuous and intensive economic development of the last centuries has greatly affected the ecosystems inhabiting the Ural Mountains. Wildlife around all the industrial centers of the Ural Mountains is declining. The Ural Mountains were flooded with industry. Conservation measures include the establishment of a national wildlife park on the Ural Mountains. Nine strict nature reserves are found in the Ural Mountains.