Today we are going to talk about Most Famous Historical monuments of India. Our country is rich in culture, heritage buildings, temples, traditions, forts and palaces. Famous monuments in India include the Old Church of Goa, Taj Mahal, Charminar, Red Fort, Qutub Minar in Delhi and Jantar Mantar. The following monuments of India include the tourism of India along with other World Heritage Sites and natural tourist attractions such as wild parks and ancient temples of South India. So let us gather a little more information about the Most Famous Historical monuments of India.
Mysore Palace is known as the most famous historical monument. Mysore Palace is located in the city of Mysore in Karnataka. And Mysore Palace is considered to be one of the most visited monuments in India. This Palace is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the city along with Chamundi Hills.
Mysore Palace is the official residence of the Wadiyar dynasty and the seat of the state of Mysore. Yaduraya built the first palace inside the old This Palace in the 14th century, which was demolished and rebuilt several times. The present structure was built between 1897 and 1912 after the Old Mysore Palace was burnt down.
2. Bahai Temple
Bahai Temple is also known as The Lotus Temple. This temple is located near KalkaJi in Delhi, India. Bahai Temple is considered to be the house of worship for every religion. And for the tourist, Bahai Temple is the best place for meditation and peace. This temple is the spiritual unity of all mankind. The Bahai Temple is one of the eight continents of the world.
Bahai Temple is considered to be the main attraction of Delhi. This temple is very famous for its flower-like shape. The nine doors of the Bahai Temple are open in the central hall which is more than 34.27 meters high. Bahai Temple has won numerous architectural awards.
3. Brihadishwara Temple
This temple is also called Peruvudaiyār Kōvil or Rajarajeswaram. Brihadishwara Temple is located on the south bank of the Kaveri River in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India. Brihadishwara Temple is a Hindu temple. Brihadishwara Temple is dedicated to Shiva. Brihadishwara Temple is known as one of the largest temples in South India. And the Brihadishwara Temple is a perfect example of Dravidian architecture.
The Brihadishwara Temple was built by the Tamil Raja Chola I between 1003 and 1010 AD. The Brihadishwara Temple is considered a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Great Living Chola Temples".
4. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is known as a historic railway station. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. This terminus is considered to be the busiest railway station in India and the headquarters of the Central Railway. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is one of the top 25 historical monuments in Maharashtra.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is also known as Victoria Terminus. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was designed by British-born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens in a beautiful Italian Gothic style. Construction of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus began in 1878 on the south side of the old Bori Bandar railway station.
5. Harmandir Sahib
Harmandir Sahib is also known as The Golden Temple. Harmandir Sahib is located in Amritsar, Punjab. Harmandir Sahib is also known as a Sikh Gurdwara. Harmandir Sahib is the holy temple of Shri Darbar Sahib Sikhs and the most famous pilgrimage site. The Golden Temple is considered to be one of the holiest places in India. And a holy scripture always resides inside Harmandir Sahib.
Harmandir Sahib is built around a man-made pool which was completed in 1577 by the fourth Sikh Guru and Guru Ramdas. Harmandir Sahib was destroyed several times by the Muslims and the invading Afghan army.
6. Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal is located in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Hawa Mahal is known as the great monument of the royal Rajputs of Rajasthan. The five-story Hawa Mahal in the shape of a pyramid is built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh for the ladies of the royal family using red and pink sandstone. This palace is one of the major tourist attractions of Jaipur for tourists.
The Hawa Mahal sits on the edge of the City Palace in Jaipur and extends to the Women’s Chamber. The Hawa Mahal has 953 small windows decorated with intricate latticework. Hawa Mahal is an extended part of a large complex. Stone carved screens, small casements and arched roofs at This Mahal are some of the features of this popular tourist destination.
7. Qutub Minar
Qutub Minar is known as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and part of the Qutub Complex in the Mehrauli area of New Delhi, India. This place is the tallest and most famous tower in the world. And the Qutub Minar is the second tallest tower in India. The Minar complex is home to many historical monuments including the Tomb of the Tomb, the Iron Pillar of Delhi and the Alai Minar.
The height of the Qutub Minar is 72.5 meters which makes the Qutub Minar the tallest brick tower in the world. The Qutub Minar has a diameter of 14.3 meters and which reduces to 2.7 meters at the top. The Qutub Minar has a spiral staircase of 379 steps.
8. Sanchi Stupa
Sanchi Stupa is located in Sanchi Town, Raisen District. Sanchi Stupa is also known as one of the most famous Buddhist monuments in India. This place is one of the best preserved ancient stupas in India. There are four carved entrances around the Sanchi Stupa. Sanchi Stupa is famous for the Great Stupa. This Stupa is one of the oldest stone structures in India.
Sanchi Stupa is known as an important monument of Indian architecture. The nucleus of the Sanchi Stupa was a simple hemispherical brick structure built on the relics of the Buddha. The Sanchi Stupa was built of bricks during the Mauryan period.
9. Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is located in the city of Agra on the banks of the holy river Yamuna in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The Taj Mahal is known as a beautiful monument of beautiful white marble. This palace is an excellent example of combining elements of Mughal, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles.
The Taj Mahal is considered one of the eight wonders of the world. And for tourists, Taj Mahal is also a place to visit. This palace was built by Shah Jahan to keep the tomb of his beloved wife Mumtaz. There is also a tomb of Shah Jahan himself in this palace. The Taj Mahal includes a mosque and guest house.
10. Victoria Memorial
This Hall is located in Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal. This place is dedicated to Queen Victoria. Victoria Memorial is considered to be one of the major tourist attractions of Kolkata. And the Victoria Memorial serves as a museum with a collection of British-era manuscripts, paintings and sculptures.
The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building. This palace was built between 1906 and 1921. Above the central dome of this place is a 16-foot figure of the Angel of Act. Surrounding the Victoria Memorial Dome are metaphorical sculptures, including art, architecture, justice and charity.