Today we are going to talk about Despotism. Despotism is considered to be a form of government in which a single entity rules with full power. Despotism in general is as much an individual, a torturer as a freedom of existence but also a society that limits power in society and specific groups is said to be despairing. Despotism pessimism refers to the absolute political power that is entrusted to a single right and which can be a tightly knit group. So let us gather a little more information about Despotism.
This type of Despotism was the first type of civilization and statehood to be studied. A good example of classical despotism is the king of Egypt. It is always used to indicate the head of government who abuses power and is thus associated with the dictator.
The term definitely applies to those who use their power and authority to oppress their masses, subjects and subordinates. More explicitly the term Despotism is often applied to the head of state or government. In this sense it is similar to the oppressive meanings associated with the words Despotism.
History of Despotism
The term despotism itself was coined by opponents of the Louis XIV movement in France in the 1690s who used the term to describe a little free exercise of their king's power. The word despotism is ultimately the original Greek and in ancient Greek usage the word was technically a master and one who by nature ruled over the servants at home.
The word in a classical form is a state in which a single person has all the power and right to embody the state and everyone else is a supporting person. This form of contempt for despotism was common among the first forms of monarchy and culture. The king of Egypt is an exemplary figure in classical despotism.
Despotism now signifies tyrannical rule. Pessimism can refer to any authoritarian leader who brutally uses his power. In the enlightened abhorrence that became popular in 18th century Europe, all the kings used their power to establish a lot of reforms in the political systems and society of their countries.
Enlightenment philosopher Montesquieu believed that Despotism was the right government for large states. And in the same way they believed that a republic is suitable for small states and that monarchy is very ideal for medium-sized states.
In fact the term was a royal title and was first used under Manuel I Komnenos who created it for his appointed successor Alexius-Béla. The word was worn by the emperor in the same elaborate costumes and had many privileges. Despotism some parts of the empire are ruled as Despotates.
Etymology of Despotism
The origin of the word is found with the Greek word semantics which translates to "master" or "one with power". The term Despotism has been featured in the descriptions of many rulers and governments throughout history. The English Dictionary defines the term as "the rule of a despot; the exercise of absolute authority."
Despotism signifies the meaning of absolute power and authority exercised by the kings of ancient Egypt. The nobility in the Byzantine courts suggests that Despotism appoints the rulers of the Byzantine vassal kingdoms and acts as the title of Byzantine emperors.
The term cannot be defined objectively because of its reactive meaning throughout history. Despotism, on the other hand, is closely related to other Greek words, such as basileus and autokrator. The meaning of despotism has been used throughout history to describe various rulers and governments such as simple rulers, local chiefs, kings and emperors.
Medieval Greece And Oriental Despotism
Aristotle was the most notable proponent of the idea of oriental violence among all the ancient Greeks. Those people taught this ideology to Alexander the Great and who protected Persia from Darius II and who was a tyrant of the Achaemenid dynasty. He suggested that the fear of oriental hatred was not obtained from him but on the basis of consent. The enslaved nature of enslaved people, therefore Despotism will take advantage of the power of the master.
In Medieval Greek society every man was able to rule independently and therefore he was to rule. He further pointed out that the people of cold countries especially the people of Europe have spirit but lack intelligence and skill while the people of Asia were full of intelligence and skill but their spirit was lacking. So in that way the Greeks, possessing both intellect and spirit, were able to rule over others.
Examples Of Despotism
Despotism has continued to rule in some countries of the world. One of the most infamous Despotism are Idi Amin who ruled Uganda with full power from 1971 to 1979. Amin acquired military tactics as a member of King's African Rifles and has since served in the armed forces of independent Uganda.
Amin’s rule was characterized by ethnic cleansing where he ordered the suppression of the Lango and Acholi tribes and ordered ethnic Asians to leave Uganda. Amin was later charged with further political repression, corruption, economic mismanagement, human rights abuses and nepotism. And by the end of his four-year rule, about 25% of the country's population had died.
He then ordered the urban dwellers to relocate to work in rural areas for mass planting as well as forced labor projects. Difficult working conditions with poor medical care and malnutrition have taken a heavy toll on the people there.
The dictators invaded the massacre of millions of people, including those wearing glasses. When a nationwide famine struck, 23 to 30 million people died. The dictators then ordered a cultural revolution that demanded the liberation from the elites and bureaucrats and in which many people were imprisoned and killed.