Tundra includes some of the world's most inhospitable regions, with sub-zero temperatures and short growing seasons. Tundra is classified into two types: Arctic Tundra and Alpine Tundra.
Arctic tundra is found near or north of the Arctic circle that circles the North Pole. Alpine tundra can be found at various latitudes around the world, but it is most commonly found at high altitudes on mountains where trees do not grow.
Animals that live in these areas require special adaptations to deal with the extreme cold. Despite the harsh climatic conditions, hundreds of different types of mammals, birds, and aquatic animals can be found here.
Tundra animals have special adaptations that allow them to survive the extreme temperatures and conditions found in the tundra.
Tundra animal list! The tundra is a treeless, grassy, frozen plain found in the Arctic or in mountainous, high altitude (alpine) regions around the world.
Facts about the Tundra
Tundra animals must adapt to unpredictable seasons and extreme cold in order to survive. Polar bears are the largest creatures that inhabit the tundra. Numerous tundra animals hibernate to conserve energy during the long winters. The majority of animals that live in the tundra are migratory, and only visit for a portion of the year.
What are the names of the six tundra animals?
The tundra is home to a variety of animals, including the musk, Arctic hare, polar bear, ox, caribou, Arctic fox, and snowy owl. Many tundra animals, such as caribou and semipalmated plover, migrate to warmer climates during the winter.
What is the largest animal on the tundra?
Mountain goats are the largest animals that can be found at altitudes above 13,000 feet and live above the tree line in their natural habitat.
In the tundra, how do animals survive?
Their adaptations include a white appearance, which serves as camouflage against prey on snow and ice. Thick layers of fat and fur - for insulation against the cold. a low surface area-to-volume ratio - to reduce heat loss.
What is unique about tundra?
The tundra biome is an ecosystem found in the Arctic Circle near the North Pole. It is, by far, the coldest biome. Winters are bitterly cold, with temperatures typically falling below -34° C. Summers last only about two months, and temperatures range from 3° to 12° C.
How many animals can be found in the Arctic tundra?
There are approximately 50 different species of animals that can call the arctic tundra home.
The tundra has how many seasons?
In the polar tundra, there are two distinct seasons: winter and summer. During the winter, it is bitterly cold, dark, and windy, with temperatures averaging around 28 °C (18 °F) and occasionally dropping as low as 50 °C (58 °F).
In the tundra, how do animals get water?
The underlying layer of frozen ground prevents water from leaking through from melted snow and rainfall. Water collects on the surface, forming bogs, marshes, and wetlands that serve as a source of water for the animals. These are ideal breeding grounds for a variety of animals.
List of Tundra Animals
- Antarctic Penguin
- Himalayan Tahr
- Polar Bear
- Snowy Owl
- Arctic Hare
- Kea (Parrot)
- Musk Ox
- Arctic Fox
- Caribou (reindeer)
- Mountain Goat