Who Are The Inuit People And Where Do The Inuit People Live

Today we are going to talk about The Inuit People. The Inuit People are known as a group of culturally similar Indigenous peoples living in the Arctic regions of Greenland. The Inuit People live in Canada and Alaska. Inuit-type languages ​​are considered part of the Inuit-Yupik-Unangan family. This type of language is considered a critically endangered language used in Nunavut. So let's gather a little more information about The Inuit People.

In addition, the constant influx of researchers and merchants brought about a number of cultural changes for The Inuit People. Colonization led to some of the most drastic changes in the lifestyle of The Inuit People. But the life of The Inuit People has changed over the centuries and The Inuit People has retained its cultural identity and tradition.


Anthropologists now called the Thule people and The Inuit People are his descendants. This type of People emerged from western Alaska around 1000 CE. The Inuit People separated from the respective Aleut group about 4000 years ago and migrated to Northeast Siberian. And then The Inuit People spread eastward to the Arctic.

Anthropologists such as Diamond Janice then speculated that The Inuit People and their culture were becoming extinct and that Inuit political activism had already emerged in the area. In Canada, the 1982 Constitution Act recognized The Inuit People as indigenous peoples in Canada.

Who are the Inuit

The Inuit People are known as the Indigenous People. And most of The Inuit People live in the northern regions of Canada. This type of people is also known as Inuk. The native land of The Inuit People is known as the Inuit Nunangat and refers to the land, water and ice contained in the Arctic region.

Inuit People Traditional Beliefs

Some found The Inuit People in the Aurora borealis or Northern Lights to find images of their family and friends and dance in later life. And for others, The Inuit People were the spirit of angakkuq, invisible giants, animal spirits, guides to hunting, and help in healing. These types of people rely on angakkuq for spiritual interpretation.

Inuit to the cultural efforts of the people

The Inuit People believe that everything has its own spirit. And The Inuit People believed that the moon, sea and air were of special importance in their lives. The Inuit People also hunt animals respectfully. Because The Inuit People believe that living beings have souls just like humans. The Inuit People respected the spirit of the animal while hunting so that it could reappear in the body of another animal.

The Inuit People often wore masks and they believed during rituals that they helped the shaman speak with the spirit. One of the most important spirits in the cultures of The Inuit People is Sedna, the half-woman of the sea who controls marine animals and the other half as the goddess of fish.

Where do the Inuit Live

These types of people currently live in Canada, Alaska, Siberia and Greenland and most of them The Inuit People live in Northern Canada. There are approximately 65,000 The Inuit People in Canada, 35,000 in Alaska, and about 150,000 in Greenland and Siberia.

Most of these types of people in Canada live in Nunangat and are easily translated as "Inuit homeland". It also includes Nunasiawat in northern Labrador and the Innovative Settlement Area in the northwestern regions. During 2016, about 27% of The Inuit People in Canada lived outside of Nunangat, with two half-life People living in large urban centers.

The Inuit people Languages

The Inuit People has five major languages ​​in Canada. Inuvialuit, Inuvialuktun in western Nunavut, Nunatsiavumiuttut on Nunavut. Inuktitut in eastern Nunavut and Inuktitut in Nunavik are spoken in the regions of The Inuit People in the northwest. In 2016, more than 41,000 The Inuit People had a language or dialect conversation knowledge.

In addition, The Inuit People is closely related to the dialects of Canada and Greenland. This type of people has two main dialects, the North Alaskan Inupiat and the Seward Peninsula Inupiaq. The Inuit People also includes the Bering Strait region and the Bering Strait dialect in the Diomede Islands.

Climate Change

Climate change also threatens the livelihoods of these types of people. And researchers fear that the changing environment in the Arctic could have a very negative impact on the health of The Inuit People as traditional country food access decreases. Warmer temperatures are causing ice caps to melt and reduce the life of ice caps and The Inuit People.

Rising sea ice has made the hunting of The Inuit People more dangerous and threatened The Inuit People's ability to harvest the country's food. Pollution has also posed health and safety hazards to The Inuit People as some Arctic animals contain heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants. The Inuit People have undergone drastic changes due to colonization and urbanization but the Inuit People have remained the core beliefs and traditions.

Inuit People Diet

Many experts have found that the diet of The Inuit People has not changed dramatically over the centuries. These types of people were hunters who adapted to their environment, available resources and climate. The Inuit People hunt based on the seasonal availability of different plants and animals. The Inuit People's diet consists mainly of game meat, fish, poultry and rabbit food.

In addition, The Inuit People ate meat and fish because they did not consume fruits and vegetables during the cold season. However during the summer season The Inuit People were able to obtain fodder for fruits and plants such as grass, roots and stems. This type of person eats fried, dried, frozen or fried or raw meat.

The Inuit People's diet was high in fat and helped provide energy for The Inuit People to survive the cold weather. These types of people use all parts of animals to make their food and tools and clothing. Food is now becoming an integral part of The Inuit People diet, with more than 60% of households consuming it. The Inuit People have food insecurity problems and 70% of The Inuit People in Canada live with good food security.


The Inuit People population in the Western Arctic declined by 90% during the 19th century, leading to exposure to new diseases, including measles, tuberculosis, influenza, and smallpox. Many Autopsies near Greenland report that pneumonia, trichinosis, kidney disease, malnutrition, and degenerative disorders are common causes of mass deaths among various The Inuit People species. Canadian churches and the federal government run primary health care facilities for the Inuit People population.

Current Reality Of The Inuit People

This type of people in Canada lacked access to adequate housing and healthcare as The Inuit People migrated to permanent settlements in the 1950s and 1960s. A study conducted in 2018 found that Inuit living around The Inuit People had more cases of cancer and hypertension than the general population.

The Inuit People’s living conditions and lack of healthcare diabetes access play a partial role in their increased risk for chronic health conditions such as obesity and diabetes. The Inuit People in Greenland also face similar economic, social and health problems. The Inuit People, a Canadian between the ages of 15 and 19, has a suicide rate of 480 per 100,000 people, 25 times the Quebec average of the same age group.

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