Where Is The Balkan Region & History, Culture, Countries

Today we are going to talk about The Balkan region. This place is also known as the Balkan Peninsula. The Balkan region is a geographical region in south-eastern Europe with different definitions. The Balkan region includes geo-political and historical. The Balkan region derives its name from the Balkan Mountains that spread throughout Bulgaria. It is bounded on the west by the Adriatic Sea, on the southwest by the Ionian Sea, on the south by the Aegean Sea, on the east by the Turkish Sea, and on the northeast by the Black Sea. So let's gather some more information about The Balkan region.

Natural resources and Nature

Much of the Balkan region is covered by mountain ranges running from northwest to southeast. Mount Olympus in Greece is the second highest in the region, at 2,917 meters along the Mytikas, and with the Pirin Mountain Vihren.

The Mediterranean climate is found in the Balkan region on the Adriatic and Aegean coasts. The climate on the shores of the Black Sea in this region is a humid tropical and oceanic sea and its interior is a humid continent. In the northern part of the Balkan region and on the mountains, winters are snowy and snowy. Summers are hot and dry in this region. Winters are mild in the southern part of the Balkan region.

The atmosphere of the humid continents is predominant in the interior of this region. In addition, the Balkan region has a less common climate, humid subtropical and marine climate. In the southern part of the Balkan region and along the coast there is evergreen vegetation. The land of this region provides habitat for numerous endemic species and includes an abundance of abundant insects and reptiles. The Balkan region provides food for a variety of birds of prey and rare vultures.

The Balkan region offers opportunities for cultivation in grass, fertile soils and hot summer areas. There are deposits of coal, lead, zinc, chromium and silver in this area.

Definitions and Boundaries

1. Western Balkans

The Balkan Thesis is a political neologism created in the early 1990s to refer to the territory of the former Yugoslavia, with the exception of Albania and Slovenia. This type of western region is used in the Pan-European Parliament.

2. Balkan Peninsula

The peninsula is bounded on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, the Adriatic Sea on the south, the Marmara Sea on the south, and the Black Sea on the east. The northern boundary of The Balkan is often referred to as the Danube, Sava and Kupa rivers. The combined area of the peninsula is about 470,000 km2. The Balkan is more or less identical with the region known as Southeast Europe.

Mostly Or Partially Within The Balkan Peninsula

1. Croatia (southern mainland) : 24,013 km²
2. Greece (mainland) : 110,496 km²
3. Italy (Trieste and Monfalcone) : 200 km²
4. Romania (mainland Dobruja): 11,000 km²
5. Serbia (Central Serbia) : 51,000 km²
6. Slovenia (southwestern part) : 5,000 km²
7. Turkey (European part) : 23,764 km²

Entirely Within The Balkan Peninsula

1. Albania : 28,749 km²
2. Bosnia and Herzegovina : 51,180 km²
3. Bulgaria : 110,993.6 according to other sources 111,002 km²
4. Kosovo : 10,908 km²
5. Montenegro : 13,810 km²
6. North Macedonia : 25,713 km²

3. Balkans

Historians say the bicentennial includes Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Montenegro, northern Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. The total area of the Balkan is generally given as 666,700 km2 and population as 59,297,000. The word Balkan is also used in southeastern Europe with various definitions.

Economy and Politics

The Balkan region has an open market economy and most of which are in the upper-middle income range. The Balkan region has high income economies except for Croatia, Romania, Greece and Slovenia.


The first war in the Balkans began in 1912–1913 when nation-states such as Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Montenegro united against the Ottoman Empire. When World War I broke out in 1914, members of the pro-Serb and pro-Yugoslav revolutionary organization Young Bosnia assassinated the Austrian-Hungarian heir, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Soviets then invaded Romania and Bulgaria in late 1944, forcing the Germans out of the region.


This type of dichotomy is a type of Mediterranean cuisine that combines European characteristics with some of the people of West Asia. This dish is found in the Balkan Peninsula of southeastern Europe. The ingredients of The Balkan cuisine usually come from traditional cuisines of Greece, Persia, Arab countries, Serbia and Turkey. The different nationalities within this region make their own variations. Balkan is a type of music found in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.

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