Today we are going to talk about SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launch Nasa. This type of rocket is known in the United States as a partially reusable two-stage orbit medium-lift launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX. The Falcon 9 is powered by the SpaceX Merlin engine in both the first and second phases, using carcinogenic liquid oxygen and rocket-grade kerosene as propellants. So let's gather some more information about SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launch Nasa.
This type of rocket is named after the fictional Star Wars spacecraft, the Millennium Falcon and the nine Merlin engines of the first phase of the rocket. The Falcon 9 has evolved with version v1.0, v1.1, v1.2 "Full Thrust" and includes the Block 5 full thrust variant which has been flying since May 2018.
The first phase of the Falcon 9 is able to re-enter the atmosphere. And the Falcon 9 is able to land vertically after separating from its second stage. That rocket's achievement was first achieved in December 2015 in 20 flights. This rocket can convert up to 9,22,800 kg of low Earth orbit and up to 8,300 kg of geostationary orbit when spent and up to 5,500 kg in GTO.
SpaceX won the Commercial Response Services Agreement in NASA's Commercial Orbital Transportation Services Program in 2008 to deliver cargo to the International Space Station using this type of rocket and dragon capsule. And because of this, the first mission of Falcon 9 started on October 8, 2012. This rocket is considered by various sources to be the most advanced space launch vehicle in the world. On January 24, 2021, this type of rocket set a new record for the most satellites carrying 143 satellites into orbit by a single rocket.
Development and Testing
This type of rocket was described as being capable of launching into Earth orbit at a depth of about 9,500 kilograms. And the Falcon 9 will cost 27 million per flight with a 3.7 meter payload fairing and 5.2 meter fairing with US $ 35 million. SpaceX also announced the development of a heavier version of this Falcon 9 with a payload capacity of about 25,000 kilograms. The purpose of this type of rocket was to enable low-earth orbit, geosynchronous transfer orbit as well as bring both crew and cargo vehicles to the International Space Station.
The first multi-engine test of this type of rocket was completed in January 2008. And then the Falcon 9 was supplemented by nine engines operated by the test for the full mission length of this rocket with continuous testing. This was followed in January 2010 by a full-range orbit-entering firing of the second phase of this rocket at the McGregor test site.
The first flight of the Falcon 9 was in February 2010 at Stack Space Launch Complex 40 and Cape Canaveral. And in March 2010, SpaceX conducted a static fire test of the Falcon 9. And then after some testing work, the test conducted on March 13, 2010 succeeded in firing the first-stage engines of the Falcon 9 for 3.5 seconds.
In December 2010, the SpaceX production line was building one of these types of rockets every three months and plans to double to one every six weeks. And as a result, by September 2013, SpaceX total production space had grown to about 93,000 square meters. And the factory was configured to achieve a maximum production rate of 40 Falcon 9 cores per year. The factory was producing one rocket vehicle per month until November 2013. The company plans to build 18 Falcon 9 vehicles per year by mid-2014 and 24 Falcon 9 vehicles by the end of 2014 and 40 rocket cores each.
This type of rocket has been launched 122 times in 11 years and has resulted in 120 completed mission successes and one partial success delivering its cargo to the International Space Station. The first rocket version of this type, V1.0, was launched five times between June 2010 and March 2013.
And then the subsequent Falcon 9 rocket version V1.1 has been present 15 times from September 2013 to January 2016 and the latest upgrade Falcon 9 Full Thrust 99 times since December 2015 and 41 of which are again using the first phase booster.
In addition, the Falcon 9 was launched once in February 2018 and the first two phases of this rocket were included in this rocket as a side booster. And the first-stage booster efforts of the Falcon 9 rocket for the Block 5 version have landed successfully in 61 out of 66.
This rocket comes in a two-stage LOX / RP-1 powered heavy-lift launch vehicle. Both stages of the Falcon 9 are equipped with Merlin 1D rocket engines. The Falcon 9 uses a pyrophoric mixture of triethylaluminum-triethylborane as an engine igniter.
The first stage engine structure of this rocket is called "Octaweb". Many Falcon 9s have four extensible landing legs around the base of an Octaweb. In the design of the Falcon 9, SpaceX uses grid fins to control the main descent through the atmosphere and which are deployed from the vehicle after separation.
The second phase tank of this rocket is an abbreviated version of the first phase tank. SpaceX uses most of the same tooling, materials and production techniques to build the Falcon 9 and reduces production costs. Falcon 9 interstage connects the upper and lower stages and is a carbon-fiber aluminum-core composite structure.
By 26 May 2021 this rocket has achieved 120 out of 122 complete mission successes. The Falcon 9 has been successful in the SpaceX CRS-1 primary mission but has been destroyed in the wrong orbit, leaving the secondary payload and in the SpaceX CRS-7 flight. This rocket's full thrust is the most reliable orbital launch vehicle of all orbital rockets currently in operation, based on Lewis point estimates of reliability.
Like the company's smaller Falcon 1 rocket, the Falcon 9 launch sequence includes a hold-down feature that allows the engine ignition and systems of the entire rocket to be checked before liftoff. After the start of the Falcon 9's first-stage engine all propulsion and vehicle systems are confirmed to be operating normally until the cherry is held and released for flight.
Before the launch date, SpaceX almost always completes the test of this type of rocket, which results in the firing of the first stage Merlin 1D engines of the Falcon 9 for three and a half seconds to test the performance. And this type of rocket has a triple-redundant flight computer and an inertia researcher and has a GPS overlay for accuracy of inserting additional orbits inside.
SpaceX aimed to recover the first phases of several of these early rocket flights to assist engineers in designing the Falcon 9 for future usability. From the beginning, SpaceX made both phases of this type of rocket reusable. Both phases of the initial launch of the Falcon 9 were covered with a layer of offensive cork and parachutes to gently launch the rocket into the sea.
The reusable first phase was then flight-tested by SpaceX from the suborbital Grasshopper Falcon 9. Between 2012 and 2013, the Falcon 9's low-altitude and low-speed performance test vehicle also made eight landing very test flights. The Falcon 9 has a 79-second round-trip flight of up to 744 meters.
Historical artifacts and museum Falcon 9s
SpaceX first launched this type of rocket at a public display at its headquarters in Hawthorne, California in 2016. Then in 2019, SpaceX delivered this rocket to the space center Houston in Houston, Texas. The Falcon 9 was a booster that flew two missions. NASA agreed to fly a second time for the first Falcon 9 to the 11th and 13th supply missions to the International Space Station.
Height : FT- 70 m, v1.1: 68.4 m, v1.0: 54.9 m
Manufacturer : SpaceX
Cost per launch : New- US$62 million (2020), Reused- US$50 million (2019)
Launch sites : Cape Canaveral, SLC-40 Kennedy Space Center, LC-39A Vandenberg, SLC-4E
Status : FT Block 5- Active, FT Block 4- Retired, FT Block 3- Retired, v1.1- Retired, v1.0- Retired
Total launches : 119
First flight : FT Block 5- 11 May 2018, FT- 22 December 2015, v1.1- 29 September 2013, v1.0- 4 June 2010
Last flight : FT Block 5- 26 May 2021, FT Block 4- 29 June 2018, v1.1- 17 January 2016, v1.0- 1 March 2013