Today we are going to talk about the National Flower of India. The national flower of India is the lotus. The lotus is also known as Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn and the Holy Lotus. The bean of our country, the bean of Egypt or just the lotus is one of the two surviving species of aquatic plants in the Nelumbonaceae family. This is often colloquially called water lily. So let us gather a little more information about the National Flower of India.
The flower holds a prominent place in Indian art and mythology and the Lotus flower has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since ancient times. Your country is rich in vegetation. According to the currently available data, India ranks tenth in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. About 70% of the geographical area surveyed so far and 47000 species of plants have been described by the Botanical Survey of India.
These flowering plants are suitable for growing in flood plains of slow moving rivers and delta areas. The state lotus flower is the seed of thousands of seeds that go to the bottom of the lake every year. The lotus flower is eaten by most wildlife and the remaining seeds of the lotus flower remain dormant for a long time as the pond cloth dries out and dries out.
During flood conditions the silt containing the seed of the lotus flower breaks open and the dormant seed again carries the lotus flower and starts a new lotus colony. Under favorable circumstances, the seeds of the lotus flower can last for many years, with the oldest recorded lotus germination being from 1,300-year-old seeds and recovered from a dry lake in northeastern China.
Lotus flower has a wide distribution in Central and North India or Southern Himalayas up to 1,400 m or 4,600 ft through East Asia and Northern Indochina. Lotus flowers are usually grown in water gardens. The lotus flower is also found in New Guinea and Northern and Eastern Australia.
Classification of Lotus flower
This flower is often confused with the true water lily of the genus Nymphaea, N. caerulea, with the "blue lotus". In fact many older systems such as the Hooker and Bentham systems refer to the lotus by its old synonym of the lotus flower.
While all modern plant classification systems agree that the lotus flower species belongs to the genus Nelumbo. The genus Lotus flower must have its own unique family and arrangement and the extinct relatives of the Lotus flower belong to Protea flowers in Proteales due to genetic comparisons.
Information about Botany of lotus flower
Lotus flower is cultivated in the soil at the bottom of lakes and rivers. The leaves of lotus flowers are floating on the surface of water. These flowers are usually found on thick stems growing several centimeters above the leaves. The leaf stalks of lotus flowers can grow up to 200 cm in length and allow the lotus flower plant to grow in depth. In addition it has a horizontal spread of 1 mm. The leaves of lotus flowers can be up to 80 cm in diameter and dark lotus flowers can be up to 30 cm in diameter.
Many researchers say that this flower, like humans and other warlike animals, has a significant ability to control the temperature of lotus flower flowers in a narrow range. Roger S. Seymour and Paul Schultze-Motel, physiologists at the University of Adelaide in Australia, found that this type of flower, which blooms in the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, maintains a temperature of 30-35 ° C despite the air. And the temperature dropped to 10 ° C.
An individual lotus flower can live more than a thousand years and has the rare ability to return to activity after stasis. In 1994, the seeds of the sacred lotus flower, about 1,300 years old and ±270 year old, germinated successfully. Traditionally this sacred flower is only remotely related to Nymphaea caerulea. But lotus flowers have the same chemical. The genome of the sacred lotus flower was created in May 2013, respectively.
Use of lotus flower
The rhizomes of lotus flowers are eaten by people in Asian countries. The lotus flower is sold in large quantities in Japan and China or in cut pieces and freshly prepared. Those people eat fried and mostly cooked in soups and soaked in syrup. The rhizomes of this flower have a sweet-colored oily texture and are a classic dish at many banquets where they are filled with deep-fried and preserved fruits.
Lotus flower prawns, sesame oil and coriander salads are also popular. Pruning of fresh lotus flower roots is limited by the rapid browning rate. The root tea of this flower is drunk in Korea. Japan grows its own lotus flower but still must import 18,000 tons of lotus flowers per year, of which China provides 15,000 tons of lotus flowers annually. In Asia, lotus flower petals are sometimes used for decoration and large leaves of lotus flowers are used as food wrappers.
Dried stored lotus flower seeds are sensitive to moisture and mold infestation. This flower can be processed into fermented milk, food, rice wine, ice cream, popcorn and others in the form of silver cakes and lotus seed noodles and pastes with staple ingredients. Traditional Eastern medicine claims that fresh lotus flower quenches thirst in wine. Lotus flower has healing and anti-diarrheal benefits of spleen and is attributed to indeterminate bioactive compounds. Lotus flower tea is drunk in Korea.
The young stalks of this flower are used as a salad ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine. These flowers show high potential for use in wastewater treatments that remove contaminant compounds and heavy metals. The lotus flower is able to grow in variable water conditions. The lotus flower will suppress the growth of algae in the aquatic system and thus the lotus flower has 20% more oxygen than other aquatic plant systems.
Cultivation of Lotus flower
This flower grows up to 8 feet in water. Such low water levels in cold climates and a place that heats up more quickly are conducive to better growth and lotus flowers. Lotus flower Most varieties are not cold-hardy. This flower needs nutritious loamy soil.  At the beginning of the summer period, at least one small part of the one-eyed lotus flower is planted in either the pond.
The first leaves and flowers can be harvested three months after planting of this flower. Lotus flower is taken every two days during summer and every three days during the cold season. Four months after planting, lotus flower production culminates. Lotus flowers are usually harvested by hand during three to four months.
The lotus flower turns black in four to eight months after planting and then the seeds and seed horns of this flower are cut off. After the lotus flower seeds are dried in the sun for two to three days, they are processed by mechanical means to separate the seed coat and the embryo.
Cultural and religious significance of lotus flower
The lotus flower throne in Asian art is a stylistic flower used as a seat for a figure. The lotus flower is a common tool for divine persons in Buddhist art and Hindu art. The lotus flower is often found in Jain art. These flowers are also often held by figures.