Mesopotamia History Timeline

Today we are going to talk about Mesopotamia Timeline. Ancient Mesopotamia is known as the cradle of civilization. The cities and empires first formed by Mesopotamia can be seen from the timeline. Power has changed hands many times in the ancient history of the Mesopotamia Timeline. So let us gather a little more information about Mesopotamia Timeline.

The history of Mesopotamia dates from the early human occupation of the Lower Sumerian period to the late antiquity. The history of Mesopotamia, together with the evidence obtained by archaeological excavations and the introduction of millennial writings, is a growing amount of historical sources. Mesopotamia dates back to the Early Bronze Age.


Mesopotamia refers to the part of the land between and around the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East. At present, the land is mostly located in Iraq. Mesopotamia also refers to parts of southwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey, and northeastern Syria. The heart of Mesopotamia lies between two major rivers in southern Iraq. The land of Mesopotamia is fertile and has plenty of water around the two main rivers to allow irrigation and cultivation.


Many buildings, structures and walls in this area were made of sun-dried bricks. These bricks did not last long and are one of the few cities in ancient Mesopotamia.

Both the Tigris and Euphrates rivers on the Mesopotamia side are found to be more than 1000 miles long.

The Babylonian law made by the Code of King Hammurabi of Mesopotamia may be the oldest written law in the world.

An area called Mesopotamia is part of a larger area also known by archaeologists as the Fertile Crescent.


  • 333 BC - In this time Alexander the Great invaded the land of Mesopotamia and conquered the Persian Empire, ending Mesopotamia's reign as a world power.
  • 480 BC - Xerxes I tried to defeat the Greeks with a huge army but in the end he returned to defeat. And which is why the Greeks ruled over Mesopotamia.
  • 490 BC - Reus I attacked the Greeks and was defeated in the battle of Marathon.
  • 518 BC - Darius I establishes the capital of the Persian Empire in the region of this type.
  • 522 BC - Darius I became the ruler of Mesopotamia and Darius I divided the land into different kingdoms. And these are called governed by each governor in each of the states.
  • 539 BC - In Mesopotamia Cyrus takes the city of Babylon the Great and then allows the Jewish people to return to Israel.
  • 550 BC - The Persians occupied the land of Mesopotamia under Cyrus the Great. This allowed the Jewish slaves to return to their country of Israel.
  • 604 BC - Nabopolassar died in Mesopotamia and Nebuchadnezzar became king of the second Babylonian city. Nebuchadnezzar will rule for 43 years and bring the Babylonian Empire to its peak.
  • 616 BC - Shortly afterwards the neo-Babylonian Empire begins in Mesopotamia.
  • 626 BC - In this region Ashurbanipal died and Assyria began to crumble.
  • 668 BC - Ashurbanipal in Mesopotamia became the last great king of Assyria and later the rulers of Mesopotamia built a huge library there.
  • 705 BC - Sargon II died in Mesopotamia and Sennacherib became king. And then became the capital of the land of Nineveh Assyrian's in this region.
  • 709 BC - King Sargon II took control of the Babylonian city of Mesopotamia.
  • 744 BC - The Assyrian Empire on this region once again became strong under the rule of Tiglath-Piliser III.
  • 1115 BC - The second Assyrian Empire reached its peak in this region under the rule of King Tiglath-Pileser I.
  • 1225 BC - The Assyrians then captured the city of Babylon.
  • 1250 BC - At Mesopotamia the Assyrians began to use iron weapons and chariots.
  • 1360 BC - The Assyrians then rose to power.
  • 1750 BC - After the death of Hammurabi the first Babylonian Empire began to disintegrate.
  • 1781 BC - The first Assyrian kingdom will soon be taken over by the Babylonians after the death of Assyrian King Shamshi-Adad.
  • 1792 BC - Hammurabi established the institutions of Hammurabi after he became the king of Babylon and Hammurabi soon took over most of Mesopotamia.
  • 1900 BC - The Assyrian people's power in the northern Mesopotamia region increased and then another change of power took place.
  • 2000 BC - The Elamites captured Ur of Mesopotamia.
  • 2100 BC - After the Akkadian Empire collapsed in the region, the Sumerians would regain power.
  • 2250 BC - King Naram-Sin of the Akkadians region expanded his empire to his largest kingdom and would then rule for 50 years.
  • 2330 BC - This type of field gets new rulers. The Sumerians occupied the Akkadian territory and established the Akkadian Empire.
  • 2400 BC - Sumerian has been replaced by the Akkadian language as the primary spoken language in the region.
  • 2700 BC - The very famous Sumerian King Gilgamesh ruled over the Ur city of Mesopotamia.
  • 3000 BC - The Sumerians in this field began to implement mathematics using a number system with 60 figures.
  • 3200 BC - Then as people became smarter and learned more the Sumerians began to invent more things and use wheels on vehicles.
  • 3300 BC - The Sumerians invented the first article and used pictures for these types of words and wrote them on clay tablets.
  • 3500 BC - Most of Lower Mesopotamia is inhabited by numerous Sumerian city-states, such as Uruk, Ur, Eridu, Kish, Lagash, and Nippur.
  • 4000 BC - In the region of Mesopotamia the Sumerians built temples to their gods and the people of this type built temples called ziggurats to worship their gods. Sumer also began to build large and powerful cities.
  • 5000 BC - In the realm of Mesopotamia first the Sumerians went inside. This type of people went to a land called Mesopotamia and planted crops and started cultivating the land. The Sumerians used irrigation to cultivate Mesopotamia.
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