The campfire is an indispensable outdoor tradition for many people and it is a dreamlike force of nature that for generations has served as the centerpiece of backwoods gatherings. Have a lot of fun at a campfire at night in the winter.
To build any campfire setup must follow the Leave No Trace follow information and patch up any disturbed ground, the main thing is importantly, always know and follow the fire regulations of the area you are visiting.
Now, you have built a campfire and follow these steps to have a safe and fun time. This step by step guide on how to build a campfire will have even the most reluctant urban dweller embracing this long-standing tradition of the wild, you are very happy to after the campfire.
Make your fire plenty of space and clear the ground by creating a large bed for it as dry grass, because it can spread fire, branches and plant material can all be a hazard so clear the lot of space around the fire.
1. Position your campfire
Before building a campfire, first of all decide the position of the fire, first thing is position your campfire at least 3m away from anything flammable like your tent or overhanging trees.
Make sure that the fire is the area that will be sheltered from the wind but always leave enough distance to protect yourself and the environment.
2. Find or Build a Fire Ring
It is also suggested that you build fires only in the type of fire rings, grills or fireplaces; most developed campgrounds have some version of these and are already available in place. The use of this fire ring will lessen your impact and keep your fire contained, after use of this fire ring you can properly create.
Before building a campfire, it is always checked with the campground operator to make sure fires are permitted. In some areas, during the dry periods in summer, campfires are prohibited even in campgrounds.
Stay away all flammable material from your fire because during the fire there are chances to be near flammable fire, the base of your fire should be sand or gravel or mineral soil and before building a campfire evaluate the site before starting a fire.
Rocks are also used to make rings, rings of rocks to help contain the fire, and use dry rock to make rings, space them apart so some air can still circulate at the bottom of the fire.
It is also suggested that you do not build your fire against large boulders or objects, it takes more time, as it will leave unsightly marks and avoid using damp or wet rocks as they can spit moisture and even fracture as they heat up because it takes more time to burn fire.
3. Gather three types of wood from the ground
Not cutting whole trees means not cutting alive parts of the tree because live materials won’t burn, and you will be damaging the forest and even dead parts of trees often are homes for birds and other wildlife.
Gather three types of wood, first is tinder which includes dry leaves, small twigs, needles or forest duff. Second is kindling which consists of small sticks around less than one inch. Third is a larger piece of wood, it uses to keep your fire going long into the night.
Not gather the burn pieces or thicker leaves and wrist because it does not burn quickly, this is because thick chunks of wood are rarely allowed to burn completely and are typically left behind as blackened, unsightly scraps, so you properly fire and easily.
4. Build the Campfire
You can arrange the wood to make a fire in many ways, which is as follows.
First is start with a small cone of kindling around a few dry leaves, small twigs, needles or forest duff that are loosely piled in the center of the fire ring, If one time the fire is started and going strong and the temperature increases, then you can add larger logs a few at a time as needed, large wood does not put out fire.
And second is place two larger pieces of firewood parallel to each other means turn into 90 degree and with some room in between to form the base of your structure, then place two slightly smaller pieces on top and perpendicular to form a square and inside this place dry leaves, small twigs, needles or forest duff.
Third method is to start with three or four of your largest logs side by side on the bottom layer. Parallel of the first layer and then add a second layer of slightly smaller logs on top and the same type of layer which is parallel to each other and after place on the top of dry leaves, small twigs, needles or forest duff.
5. Light the Campfire
After setting all the things, light the tinder with a match or lighter, you can also use a fire starter that is designed to easily ignite and can help the tinder catch the flame, do not use a high starter.
After lighting the tinder, make sure that you can blow lightly at the base of the fire to provide oxygen because oxygen is a supporter of fire, which will help increase the intensity of the flame and it is more useful to burn fire.
6. Extinguish the Campfire
After fire, the main step is you should extinguish your fire by pouring water on it, always check with local land managers for their recommendations, and follow their steps if they provide them, stirring the ashes, then applying more water because this step is necessary.
After extinguishing the fire you can check ashes should be cool to the touch before you leave the site, be utterly certain a fire and its embers are out and cold before you depart.
One method to extinguish a fire is to lightly sprinkle water onto the fire bed and stir the embers and ashes with a stick. Heat test the fire by holding the back of your hand close to it.
7. Clean up the Campfire
When you are in the backcountry you can check the clean up of campfire, pack out any trash found in your pit, extract any charcoal pieces left inside your ring, carry them away from your site, crush the chunks, then scatter the remnants and dust throughout a broad area, this step is very necessary because after some time their will be fire.
You can also cook on campfires, and make it a very good idea, so tend to stick to either the tepee or lean to and continue to build them using the same method.