Today we are going to talk about the Great Cities of Mesopotamia. The discovery of cities in Mesopotamia, known as the earliest civilization of the world, is credited. There were many cities in the timeline of Mesopotamia. The cities of Mesopotamia were all ruled by different kings and had their own gods. So let us gather a little more information about the Great Cities of Mesopotamia.
The city of Nineveh in the Assyrian Empire in Mesopotamia was known as the largest city. This type of city was considered the largest city in the world at the height of the Assyrian Empire. Nineveh was built around 700 BC under the rule of King Sennacherib. The big walls of this city are enclosed in an area of 7 square kilometers. And Nineveh has 15 doors. There were 18 canals in the city of Nineveh and that brought water to different areas of the city.
By 3000 BC Nineveh was known as an important place of religious worship. This city was the home of Ashurbanipal, the last great king of the Assyrian Empire. Under the rule of Ashurbanipal a great library was built in Nineveh and housed more than 20,000 clay tablets. The remarkable palaces at Nineveh Pay feature sculptures of lions, luxurious bronze columns and oxen, and engraved images of battles between its enemies.
This city was known as the capital and center of the Babylonian Empire. At the top of Mesopotamia, Babylon was considered the largest city in the world with a population of over 200,000. Babylon is known for its kings like Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar, as well as the fragile hanging gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The city is located in central Mesopotamia on the banks of the Euphrates River. The ruins of Babylon can be found 50 miles south of Baghdad, Iraq. The Babylon name city is often mentioned in the Bible.
This city is also known as Agade. The world's first empire was the center of the Akkadian Empire. Under the leadership of Sargon the Great, the people of Akkad conquered many Sumerian city-states and took control of Mesopotamia.
The Akkadian language replaced Sumerian and continued to be the primary language of the city of Akkad in the Babylonian and Assyrian empires. Archaeologists have not found the Agade in recent times. It is unknown at this time where Agade is located, but it is possible that it was located south of Mesopotamia, east of the Tigris River.
The name city of Persepolis was considered the capital of the Persian Empire. Persepolis was originally built by Cyrus the Great around 515 BC. Other kings such as Darius I and Xerxes completed the palace and other buildings on Persepolis. The city of Persepolis was located in southeastern Iran. Much of Persepolis is currently being excavated by archaeologists. Some of Persepolis' compositions include the Gate of Nations, the Lion Hall, and the Palace of Disaster.
In the 13th century, this city was known as the capital of the Assyrian Empire. However, the city of Nimrud later fell into ruin, and shortly afterwards the great king Ashurnasirpal II rebuilt Nimrud and again in 880 BC made Nimrud the capital of Assyria. The palace of Shalmaneser III on Nimrud is spread over 12 acres and the palace had more than 200 rooms.
The city of Assur is located in northern Mesopotamia on the west bank of the Tigris River. This type of city became the first capital city of the Assyrian Empire. The city of Assur has always been known as the religious center of the empire. This city is named after the chief god of the Assyrians.
The city of Uruk emerged in 3700 BC. And Uruk was located in the southern region of Sumer. This type of city was known as one of the first major cities in the history of the world. Uruk's estimated population of about 80,000 people made it the largest city in the world. Uruk was known as the center of Sumerian culture. The city of Uruk was able to develop so much because of the advanced farming and irrigation techniques.
The abundance of food enriched Uruk. It was written in the city that Uruk is the most important form of human communication. Early examples of stone buildings were found in this city. The most famous king of this type of city was Gilgamesh. He later became a legendary protagonist in Gilgamesh's epic through the works of Uruk and stories of supernatural powers.
This city was founded around 5400 BC and many people considered Eridu to be the first city in the world. The city of Eridu was built on a land called Sumer. Eridu was built around a temple. And the people on this land worship their gods. This type of city was built in an area located between the sea and the land. The land of Eridu city was alluvial which meant that this land is rich and good for growing crops like wheat.
Ur was known as a large city located south of Mesopotamia. Ur started as a small village but by 3800 BC Ur was made a city. The city of Ur is known as the trading center. This type of city falls into the Tigris and Euphrates Persian Gulf.
Ur was known as a very rich city. And the people of Ur lived better than the inhabitants of other Mesopotamia cities. An archaeologist named Sir Leonard Woolley discovered the royal tombs of this type of city between 1922 and 1934 and found the tombs of sixteen kings and queens in Sir Leonard Woolley's place with significant treasures.