Today we are going to talk about Cessna Citation X. The Cessna Citation X is known as an American commercial jet. The Cessna Citation X has a range of 3,460nmi produced by Cessna. Cessna Citation X is part of the family of citations. The Cessna Citation X, announced at the October 1990 NBAA Convention, made its maiden flight on December 21, 1993. Cessna Citation X's Certificate of Introduction was received on June 3, 1996, and was first delivered in July 1996. So let us gather a little more information about Cessna Citation X.
The updated Cessna Citation X + was then offered in 2012 with 360mm. Keeping the Cessna Citation X + and the Citation III fuselage cross section has a new 37 ° supercharger with an area of fast Mach 0.935 MMo and 36,600 lb MTOW and two 7,034 lbf AE3007 turbofans and a T-tail. Primary users of Cessna Citation X are NetJets, XOJET and AirX Charter. Number of Cessna Citation X is built 339: 310 X + 29 X +. The unit cost of Cessna Citation X is US $ 23.365 million. Developed from Cessna Citation X is Cessna Citation III.
The Cessna Citation X was in many ways considered a completely new aircraft. The Cessna Citation X's wings, tail, tail cone, gear and systems are made from scratch. This type of aircraft is also Cessna's first aircraft to use a Rolls-Royce engine and fully integrated Avionics.
The Cessna Citation X is made up of almost completely new parts. The generality of each part of the Cessna Citation X is limited to some cockpit controls, windshield and tail light bulbs. The pressure bulkhead in the Cessna Citation X is the same as the previous design. This type of aircraft has the same fuselage diameter as VI and VII.
The Cessna Citation X includes a number of innovative design features. One feature that always comes to mind is the large diameter of the Cessna Citation X's engine. This feature related to high bypass ratio turbofan reduces noise from this type of aircraft engine and improves fuel efficiency. Another obvious feature is that the Cessna Citation X has a much swept wing with supercritical airfoil and is used to increase critical Mach numbers.
This type of aircraft has a 37 degree of sweepback on the quarter wire and is second only to any other commercial jet and second only to the Boeing 747 37.5 degrees in civil aircraft. The horizontal and vertical stabilizers in the Cessna Citation X are also very swept and arranged in a T-tail configuration.
This aircraft is powered by two Rolls-Royce AE 3007C or AE 3007C1 engines. The Cessna Citation X has a thrust of 6442 lbs each. That thrust is pod-mounted on the sides of the rear fuselage. The Cessna Citation X is the first aircraft powered by a Rolls Royce engine. The Cessna Citation X's engine has a solid titanium blade and a three-stage low-pressure turbine. The engine propeller of this type of aircraft has a bypass ratio of about 5 to 1 for improved fuel efficiency and low sound signature.
The Cessna Citation X offers an avionics system for the Honeywell Glass cockpit. The Honeywell Primus 2000 EFIS flight director system in this type of aircraft is made up of five 7-inch × 8-inch CRT screens. Dual flight management systems with GPS are standard on the Cessna Citation X.
The Cessna Citation X was directed towards a significant amount of effort and reduction of its total stretch during the design process. The resulting design of this type of aircraft includes a field-governed fuselage and the aforementioned highest swept supercritical wing for efficient transonic flight. The wing of this type of aircraft is bent down instead of passing under the fuselage. This allows the Cessna Citation X to increase the volume in the fuselage and one-piece wing and smooth wing-fuselage connections.
With the help of Winglet Technology and Cessna in 2008, Cessna launched Citation X's graphite elliptical wings on Citation X. Flight testing of the Cessna Citation X was nearing completion in late 2008 and FAA Supplemental Type Certification was expected in 2009. In this type of aircraft it is possible to climb to flight level 450 at the maximum takeoff weight without climbing a single step. The Cessna Citation X is expected to increase the speed of the cruise by 15 knots at altitude and the maximum takeoff weight of this type of aircraft will increase by 1200 pounds.
The second first reference to Cessna is the controls operated in this type of aircraft. The controls in the Cessna Citation X are powered by dual-hydraulic systems for redundancy. The Cessna Citation X has two elevators and all-moves for tailplane trim. The lower part of the Cessna Citation X is hydraulically operated and the upper part is electrically operated. Each wing has five spoiler panels and is used for both as roll control and speed brakes.
One of the main design challenges of the Cessna Citation X was finding enough space in the wing to run all the necessary hydraulic lines. The chief engineer of the program for this type of aircraft explained that the Cessna Citation X needs many hydraulic pumps and actuators as a large airliner but there is very little space inside the wings of the Cessna Citation X.
Max Takeoff Weight : 79,586 Kg, 175,455 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity : 1,931 gallon, 7,310 litre
Max Payload : 6,486 Kg, 14,299 lbs
Baggage Volume : 2.32 m3 / 82 ft3
Seats - Economy / General : 12 seats
Seats - Business Class : 8 seats
Seats - First Class : 0
Cabin Height : 1.68 meter - 5.51 feet
Cabin Width : 1.73 meter - 5.68 feet
Cabin Length : 8.97 meter - 29.43 feet
Exterior Length : 22.04 meter - 72.31 feet
Wing Span / Rotor Diameter : 19.48 meter - 63.91 feet
Wing Tips : no winglets
Avionics : Honeywell Primus 2000 autopilot
Engine : 2 X Rolls Royce AE3007C1
Power : 6,764 pound-force
Max Cruise Speed : 528 knots, 978 Km/h
Travel range : 3,070 Nautical Miles, 5,686 Kilometers
Fuel Economy : 1.59 nautical mile / gallon, 0.778 kilometers / liter
Service Ceiling : 51,000 feet
Rate of Climb : 12 feet / minute
Take Off Distance : 1085 meter - 3,559.67 feet
Landing Distance : 811 meter - 2,660.73 feet