Today we are going to talk about Plastic pollution. This type of pollution is the accumulation of plastic substances and particles in our environment. This type of pollution adversely affects humans, wildlife and wildlife habitat. We know that plastics are cheap and durable and as a result we increase the level of plastic production. So let's gather some more information about plastic pollution.
The chemical composition of plastic pollution makes them resistant to many natural processes of degradation and consequently slows down degradation. Plastic pollution has a high reputation in the environment due to pollution. This type of pollution damages oceans, waterways and land. It is estimated that 1.1 to 8.8 million tons of plastic waste is collected at sea each year from coastal communities.
Plastic pollution is especially harmful to marine animals. And this pollution is getting entangled in plastic objects, disrupting their physiology through problems related to ingestion of plastic waste. The effects of plastic pollution on humans include disruption of various hormonal mechanisms. Many researchers say that by 2050 there could be more plastic than fish in the oceans by weight.
Causes of Plastic Pollution
Grease type pollutants can range in size from plastic to microscopic. People use more plastic because it is less expensive. Demand for plastics is increasing due to rapid urbanization and population growth. When plastic is disposed of it does not decompose easily and when the plastic burned in the open air is seen to contaminate nearby soil or air.
Fishing has contributed in many ways to the problem of plastic pollution in the oceans. The plastics produced by this type of industry not only destroy and harm the local wildlife but also pollute the water. Toxic pollutants have a greater chance of entering the environment and causing harm when a plastic item is thrown away.
Effects of Plastic Pollution
1. Effects On Humans
Plastics used in certain products pollute the environment by releasing chemicals into the water and air. Some compounds that are used in the plastic product such as bisphenol a, phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ether are under close law and can be very harmful to humans.
The use of plastics in large quantities of compounds used in flooring materials, food packaging, perfumes, medical devices, bottles, cosmetics and more is dangerous to humans and destroys the human endocrine system. Plastic pollution can affect humans to such an extent that this pollution can create a thorn in the side that interferes with the enjoyment of the natural environment.
Some chemicals used in the manufacture of plastic products can cause dermatitis on contact with people's skin. Women and children are most at risk during their reproductive age and their immune systems as well as the reproductive system are damaged by hormone-disrupting chemicals from plastics.
2. Effects of Plastic On Oceans
Plastic pollution in the ocean injures and kills seabirds, fish and marine mammals. This is because in the marine atmosphere continuous organic pollutants attach to the surface of the plastic and floating plastic pollutants accumulate in the oceans and are seen to be transported by ocean currents. Plastics continue to be a major source of marine pollution.
3. Effects On The environment
The distribution of plastics varies greatly as a result of some factors such as sea and wind currents, urban areas, coastal geography and trade routes. Plastics serve as a means of distributing organisms to remote beaches that do not have their native environment.
Plastic pollution can increase the variability and dispersion potential of organisms in specific areas that are less biologically diverse. Plastic pollution can also be used as a vector for persistent organic pollutants and chemical contaminants such as heavy metals.
4. Effects On Animals
Plastic pollution is likely to poison animals. This type of pollution has been found to be very harmful to large marine mammals. Some marine species, such as sea turtles, have large amounts of plastic in their stomachs. Sometimes marine mammals are trapped in plastic products such as nets and such pollution can harm mammals.
Debris from this type of pollution can kill sea turtles by blocking the esophagus. Plastic pollution also affects seabirds. This type of pollution interferes with the bird's digestive power and causes physical harm. Plastic pollution reduces the digestive capacity of birds and can lead to starvation, malnutrition and death. This pollution has serious lethal effects on the bird's fertility, immunity and hormone balance.
5. Effects of Plastic On Land
Plastic pollutants produced on land are very dangerous for plants in the world. The concentration of plastic products on land is estimated to be four to twenty-three times that of the ocean. Plastic pollution can release harmful chemicals into the surrounding soil and then enter the world's ecosystem in addition to groundwater and surrounding water sources, causing serious damage to water-drinking species.
Solutions of the Plastic Pollution
The only way to reduce plastic pollution is for companies and individuals around the world to agree to implement waste reduction methods at every level.
1. Industries should be educated to reduce plastic pollution as restaurants start replacing plastic with excellent low cost bamboo utensils.
2. People who use about 90% of plastic items once in their daily life should try without disposable plastic.
3. To reduce plastic pollution, people need to forget the go-to containers because food containers contain a lot of plastic to make and packaging. People replaced plastic food containers and utensils with all easily accessible containers and also significantly reduced food waste.
4. Plastic pollution can be effectively reduced by people using reusable bags instead of using plastic bags.
5. You can make a big difference by making green choices at home to reduce plastic pollution and people should choose products with less plastic packaging. You should avoid cosmetics and hygienic products that contain microbes, small dots in your toothpaste and facial scrubs that are actually a kind of micro plastic.
6. People should try their best to reduce plastic pollution by trying out items in recyclable and recyclable packaging without plastic and managing things that cannot be reused.
7. People should avoid using plastic water bottles throughout the day to reduce plastic pollution.