What Is Ocean (Marine) Pollution?

Today we are going to talk about ocean pollution. This type of pollution is also known as marine pollution. This type of pollution is a combination of chemicals and trash. Most of this compound comes from land sources and is washed into the ocean. Ocean pollution results in damage to the environment and the health of all living things and the global economic structure. So let's gather some more information about ocean pollution.

Ocean pollution causes significant damage to the oceans of industrial, chemical, particulate, agricultural and residential wastes, noise and invasive organisms. Ocean pollution is often caused by non-agricultural sources such as agricultural waste, wind-filled debris and dust.

Marine Pollution


What Is Ocean (Marine) Pollution?

Causes Of Ocean Pollution

Ocean pollution is a major problem caused by airborne substances. Items such as Styrofoam containers and plastic bags are suspended in the water and do not rot causing damage to the sea.

1. Plants that produce in some parts of the world release toxic wastes into the ocean, including mercury, which also increases ocean pollution.

2. Mining in the deep sea has led to an increase in pollution at lower sea levels. Drilling of substances like silver, copper, zinc, gold and cobalt produces harmful sulfide deposits in the ocean.

3. The increase in ocean pollution is due to the fact that nonpoint source pollution in the sea does not come from different places and sources.

4. This type of pollution causes crude oil to explode due to ships. This type of crude oil lasts for years at sea and is difficult to clean.

Types Of Marine Pollution

 

1. Toxins

Toxic wastes such as PCB, DDT, pesticides, furans, TBT, dioxins, phenols and radioactive waste contribute significantly to ocean pollution. According to one estimate, Russian and Chinese industrial pollution such as phenols and heavy metals in the many Rivers have destroyed fish stocks and damaged the river's soil.

2. Plastic Debris

When human waste is dumped this is constantly floating in the ocean which is known as marine debris. This type of marine debris and plastic waste is very dangerous for wildlife and marine fisheries. Plastic debris causes starvation, laceration and many infections in sea turtles, fish, dolphins, sharks, dugongs, crocodiles, seabirds and other creatures.

3. Acidification

We know that the oceans are usually very sinks of natural carbon and that absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. But in recent times the level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is rising and all the oceans are becoming much more acidic, posing a lot of risk. This type of irregularity affects the ability of corals and shellfish to form shells.

4. Underwater Noise

Marine life noise increases ocean pollution. It is heavily polluted from sources such as ships passing through the ocean, oil exploration seismic surveys, and naval low frequency activated sonar. Marine animals, such as cetaceans, are visually impaired and suffer from noise pollution.

5. Eutrophication

Eutrophication is the increase in all the compounds containing chemical nutrients, nitrogen and phosphorus in the ocean ecosystem. This type of combination could lead to further effects, including an increase in the primary productivity of the ocean ecosystem and a lack of oxygen, including a sharp decline in sea water quality, fish and other animal populations.

Effects of Ocean Pollution

This type of pollution is caused by a number of consequences that directly and indirectly affect marine life.

1. Depletion Of Oxygen In Seawater

Let me tell you that as the excess debris in the ocean slowly degrades over the years and uses oxygen for it so it causes 02 less in the ocean. Low levels of oxygen in the marine lead to the death of marine animals such as penguins, whales, sharks and dolphins. Excess nitrogen and phosphorus in seawater are also polluted by reducing oxygen. When there is a large loss of oxygen in an area of ​​the ocean, that area can become a dead zone and no marine life can live in that area.

2. A Threat To Human Health

Ocean pollution also causes great harm to human beings. Many small organisms living in the oceans absorb toxins due to ocean pollution and are eaten by large predators and many of them are seafood that people eventually eat. When contaminated animal toxins get into people's tissues, people suffer from long-term health conditions, cancer and birth defects.

3. Harmful To Marine Animals

Marine animals are commonly hunted due to ocean pollution. In which the pollution caused by the oil pores will bind the marine animals through their gills and cause them to suffocate. Because of this pollution, marine life suffers from cancer and behavioral changes and may be unable to reproduce. Marine animals often accidentally eat small pieces of plastic debris for food and damage it.

Marine Pollution Solutions

We know that in view of the devastating effects of this type of long-term pollution, people need to take some steps not to pollute the sea.

1. Hold A Cleanup

In order to prevent or reduce ocean pollution, it is very important for people to keep the social distance of the beach and its nearby parks clean. The more waste people pick up and dispose of in that area, the less waste there is in our oceans, even if pollution is reduced.

2. Reduce Chemical Fertilizer Use

People should use very little chemical fertilizer to prevent or reduce ocean pollution. To prevent this type of pollution, people should choose organic fertilizers that are low in nutrients and used until half the time.

3. Properly Dispose Of Plastics And Trash

Proper disposal of plastic and rubbish is essential for the prevention or reduction of ocean pollution. An easy way to prevent this pollution is to dispose of plastic and other recycled materials properly so that they do not end up in the ocean.

To prevent or reduce ocean pollution, people should dispose of trash in outdoor and safe places like beaches and parks with a few small changes in their daily routine and it helps reduce the amount of pollution going into our oceans.

4. Opt For Reusable Bottles And Utensils

Various items, including plastic bottles and utensils and straws that people often throw away, are large amounts of pollutants in the ocean. That's why people choose reusable bottles and utensils to prevent or reduce ocean pollution.