Today we are going to talk about Top endangered species in the world. We know that the world is running out of time for many species in recent times. Humans pose the greatest threat to the survival of this endangered species, which has been plagued by poaching, the destruction of its habitat, and the effects of climate change. So let's gather a little more information about some of the most beautiful species in need of help and protection.
The scientific name of this species is Rhinocerotidae. Rhinos are one of the five exotic-toed species in the rhinoceros family. And Rhinos is one of the many extinct species as well. The current two species of rhinos are native to Africa and three to South Asia. Hunting for the distinctive horns of rhinos is the greatest threat to this species.
Rhinos are used in traditional Chinese medicine. This species is displayed as a status symbol and a demonstration of wealth. This type of species is very valuable. Rhinos are the closest to extinction. At present there are only 46 to 66 Rhinos left. All these rhinos are in the Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia.
2. Amur Leopard
This species' scientific name is Panthera pardus orientalis. This species is a subspecies of leopard. Amur Leopard is native to the Primorye region of southeastern Russia and northern China. The Amur Leopard is listed as critically endangered in the IUCN Red List. Between 2014 and 2015, about 92 Amur leopards remained in their natural range in that area.
The number of this species is now estimated to be less than 70. The beautiful coats of Amur Leopard are popular among hunters because of the bones of this species that they sell for use in traditional Asian medicine. Amur Leopard's habitat is also at risk, mainly due to natural and man-made fires. Climate change is also changing the habitat of this species and reducing the availability of prey.
The scientific name of this species is Gavialis gangeticus. This species is also known as fish-eating crocodile. Gharial is the longest crocodile in the Gavialidae family and of all living crocodiles. This species spends most of its time in freshwater rivers. Unfortunately the number of Gavialis gangeticus has declined since the 1930s.
This type of large crocodile is now on the verge of extinction. There are only 100 to 300 Gharial species left in the forest. Pollution, loss of habitat and being trapped in fishing nets are also some of the biggest dangers, along with predators targeting Gharial for use in traditional medicine.
This type of species is land-dwelling. Gorillas are primarily vegetarian giraffes. This species lives in the forests of Central Sub-Saharan Africa. Gorillas are able to feel emotions. This species is critically endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. There are currently about 150 to 180 adult cross river gorillas left in the forest. Like many endangered animals, the decline of gorillas is largely due to disease, hunting, loss of habitat and human conflict. This type of species is also slow to recover as females of gorillas give birth every four to six years. The DNA of this species is very similar to that of humans.
The scientific name of this species is Strigops habroptilus. Kakapo is also known as owl parrot. This species is endemic to New Zealand. Kakapo has been brought to the brink of extinction by humans. Kakapo puts the rest at risk with only about 140 individuals. This species was once common in New Zealand and Polynesia but now inhabits only two small islands off the coast of southern New Zealand.
The main threat to this species is the presence of predatory species such as cats and stats that prey using scents. Kakapo is effective against predators that rely on sight for prey. The combination of Kakapo's features makes it unique in its type.
6. North Atlantic right whale
The scientific name of this species is Eubalaena glacialis. This species has a baleen whale. And the North Atlantic right whale is one of three right whale species of the genus Eubalaena. North Atlantic right whales are benign giants that live close to the coast. The North Atlantic right whale spends a lot of time on the feeding surface on the zooplankton.
The North Atlantic right whale, known as the Blueberry, was almost destroyed by predators after its rich meat and oily fats. The North Atlantic right whale is one of the most feared whales of recent times. Currently there are only about 400 of the North Atlantic right whale left and only about 100 female species of the North Atlantic right whale.
The scientific name of this species is Pseudoryx nghetinhensis. This species is also known as spindlehorn, siola, Vu Quang ox, Asian unicorn, infrequently and the Vu Quang bovid. This type of species is one of the rarest large mammals in the world. Saola was first found in 1992 in Vietnam's Animate Range.
This species is elusive and that is why Saola is rarely known as the Asian Unicorn. The Saola is one of the rarest large terrestrial mammals on Earth. This species has often been imprisoned. Camera traps set by the Vietnam government's Department of Forest Conservation and the WWF were photographed in 1999 of a wild Saola living in the wild. The population of Saola is difficult to determine with any accuracy.
8. Sea turtles
The scientific name of this species is Chelonioidea. Sea turtles are sometimes referred to as sea turtles. Sea turtles are reptiles in the order of Testudines and suborder Cryptodira. Sea turtles are endangered species on the IUCN Red List. The population of this type of turtle is declining and many sub-populations are becoming extinct. Hunting is the biggest threat to this species, with predators targeting the shells, eggs, flesh and skin of sea turtles. Sea turtles are at risk of loss of habitat and pollution as well as climate change.
9. Tooth-billed pigeon
The scientific name for this species is Didunculus strigirostris. This type of species is also known as manumea. The tooth-billed pigeon is a large pigeon. Tooth-billed pigeons are found only in Samoa. Tooth-billed pigeon is the only living species of the genus Didunculus. This species is the most basic living member of the clade Columbidae.
Tooth-billed pigeons are perishing at an alarming rate. At present there are only 70 to 380 tooth-billed pigeons left in the forest. Tooth-billed pigeon is elusive and very rare. This species is still accidentally killed during the hunting of other species. Currently the main threat to tooth-billed pigeons is the loss of their habitat. Most areas of the home of tooth-billed pigeons have been cleared to make room for agriculture and to be occupied by invasive trees.
The scientific name of this species is Phocoena sinus. Vaquita is a species of porpoise native to the northern tip of the Gulf of California. This species is both the smallest and most feared marine mammal in the world. Vaquita has been classified as critically endangered by the IUCN since 1996.
In 2018 there were only 6 to 22 Vaquita left in that area. Recent estimates suggest that there are currently only 9 Vaquita. The biggest threat to the Vaquita is from the illegal fishing of Totoba and which is a large fish in demand due to the swimmer bladder of this species. Vaquita is the youngest of all living cetaceans.