Today we are going to talk about Kanha National Park. This National Park is also known as Kisli National Park. Kanha National Park has a collection of tigers from India and Kanha National Park is known as the largest national park in the state of Madhya Pradesh. At present, this National Park is divided into two protected areas of 250 and 300 km2, Hallon and Banjar respectively. So let's gather a little more information about Kanha National Park.
Kanha National Park is located about 160 km southeast of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh and 270 km northeast of Nagpur city, Maharashtra. This National Park forms the Kanha Tiger Reserve with a buffer zone of around 1,067 km2 and a neighboring 110 km2 fan sanctuary. Kanha National Park is home to Bengal hair, sloth bear, Indian leopard, Barasingha and ole volley.
This type of national park was created on June 1, 1955. Kanha National Park was designated a Tiger Reserve in 1973. The area of This national park was initially a part of Gondwanas. The first forest management rules were established in Kanha National Park in 1862 and prohibited the felling of important trees like sal, shisham, teak, saja etc.
It is believed that this area during the British rule was the setting of Rudyard Kipling's stories in the magnificent landscape forest book of the "Central Province". In 1933, the 250 sq km barren valley area was declared a "sanctuary". In 1935 another sanctuary was built around the Supkhar area in the Halon Valley at 300 sq. Km.
Over the next 2 decades, This National Park served as a hunting ground for the famous tigers and Barasinghas. And since 1955, Kanha National Park has become an important destination for wildlife research and conservation studies. In addition, many researchers, including George Schaller, studied their conservation in this type of national park.
Fauna And Flora
According to many estimates, the national park contains more than 43 species of mammals, 26 species of reptiles and 500 species of insects. In addition, Kanha National Park has a population of more than 150 Royal Bengal Tigers. Kanha National Park is also home to other species of animals like Barsinga, Common Langur, Muntjac, Sambar, Gaur, Chausing, Wild boar, Spotted deer, Leopard, Wild dog, Jungle cat, Fox, Hyena, Flying squirrel, Golden fox.
Located in Kanha National Park, the famous Barasingha has always been known as the "jewel of Kanha" and serves as the official mascot of the place. In addition, more than 300 avian species, including resident and migratory birds, have been recorded here. Some notable birds living on Kanha National Park include Indian roller, black ibis, blossom-headed parakeets, white-eyed buzzards, green bee-eaters, gray-headed fishing eagles, crested hawk eagles, cattle egrets, peafowl, and yellow-footed green pigeons. , gray jungle fowl, vultures, Indian Scops Owls, racket-tailed drongos, cuckoos, scarlet minivet, warblers, woodpeckers, Indian pitta, kingfishers, black-hooded orioles, flycatchers.
Kanha National Park has a great ecological significance in Central India. The vast variety of landscapes of this type of national park has a garden of more than 1000 species of flowering plants. The lush forests in Kanha National Park are mostly covered with a mixture of evergreen sal, bamboo and other mixed-forest trees and are also interspersed with vast open meadows.
In addition, Kanha National Park includes humid peninsular sal forests, moist deciduous forests of southern tropical humidity and dry deciduous mixed forests of southern tropics. Some notable flower species found in Kanha National Park include Sal, bamboo, Arjun, Ghost tree, many climbers, Banyan, Palas, Mahua, Ain, Tendu, Shegun, Dhak, Kahir, Neem, etc and Besides the trees, grasses, herbs, and shrubs. Many beautiful plants are also found here. The green cover of Kanha National Park acts as a "major carbon sink" and separates large amounts of carbon and other pollutants.
A study of economic assessment of this type of national park estimates that the tiger reserve provides an annual flow benefit of 16.5 billion rupees. Important ecosystem services of the tiger reserve operated at Kanha National Park include gene-pool protection and downstream water supply and fodder provision in buffer areas. Other services at Kanha National Park include recreational value, wildlife accommodation and refugia provision, and carbon exploration.
The main area of this type of park is 940 sq. Km. 1,067sq km around Kanha National Park. km buffer zone and 110 sq km Fan Sanctuary and Kanha Tiger Reserve have a total area of 1,945 sq km. Kanha National Park is further divided into 8 zones out of which four zones i.e. Kisli, Kanha, Sarahi and Mukki are in the main area and three zones named Khapa, Khatia and Sijhora are in the buffer zone and one zone is in the adjacent fan sanctuary.
The side figure of Kanha National Park is shaped like “8” and Kanha National Park is about 80 km long and 8 to 35 km wide. Kanha National Park is located at an altitude of 600 to 900 meters above sea level. The rugged topography of this type of national park includes flat-topping rolling hills, low plateaus, vast meadows, three rivers like Sulkam, Banjar and Nila and several perennial rivers and watering holes.
Located inside is the Bamni Dadar plateau which rises to an elevation of 870m and is the highest point of the National Park which is also known as the tourist sunset point. The Bamni Dadar plateau, located within this park, has some of the most spectacular sights and offers stunning views of the very dense forests. The buffer zone of Kanha National Park has about 155 villages and more than 255 villages within a radius of 10 km.
Transportation and access
Tourists can easily reach Kanha National Park from Jabalpur Airport. Apart from this, the best way for tourists to reach Kanha National Park from Jabalpur is Mandala which has a taxi service for tourists. And to enter this national park through Kanha, the tourist can reach the newly added broad gauge station Chiraidongri by Jabalpur, Nainpur railway line. In addition, there are three entrances to the Kanha National Park for tourists to visit and the best entrance is from Kisli Gate Jabalpur and stops from Khatia village inside the buffer area and the other gate is at Mukki. And the third door that is currently open is at Sarahi.
This type of National Park experience is a "tropical monsoon climate". Kanha National Park faces a dry summer season from mid-April to mid-June. And here is the wet monsoon season from mid-June to the end of September and from November to mid-February. The maximum temperature in Kanha National Park often rises to 42° C during the summer. In addition, the minimum temperature in this national park drops to -2 ° C during the winter season. During winter, you also get heavy snowfall in Kanha National Park. Kanha National Park receives an average of 1,624 mm of rainfall annually, which is mostly distributed during the rainy season.
Tiger conservation and the Baiga tribe
The members of the Baiga tribe are a semi-nomadic tribe of central India found in the forest and who lived in 28 villages in this national park till 1968. But when they migrated it was part of an effort to maintain the critical tiger habitat. The land where the members of the Baiga tribe migrated is deserted and who now suffer from alcoholism and malnutrition and plead for support.
The last villages to migrate for tiger habitat are in the main area of Kanha National Park. Kanha National Park is home to the Gond and Baiga tribes. According to Survival International, the Baiga tribe was illegally evicted from Kanha National Park in January 2010 without proper compensation from the government.
In addition, in an effort to preserve and restore the tiger habitat, WWF-India has worked on a corridor at Kanha National Park to support tigers and their prey, which has stabilized the tiger population.