Today we are going to talk about the different species of seals. Seals are known to be a diverse group of semi-aquatic mammals in the Order Carnivora. These animals range in size from 3 feet 3 inches to 16 feet. The seal is also the largest carnivore. This animal is more agile and flexible when compared to dolphins. Most seals are found living in the cold waters of the southern and northern hemispheres. So let us gather some more information about the different species of seals.
The scientific name of the southern elephant seal is Mirounga leonina. This species is another species of elephant seal. The Southern elephant seal ranks as the second largest aquatic mammal after the large Cetaceans. The southern elephant seal is known as the largest seal as well as the largest carnivorous seal. This type of species can live as long as other seals on the ground. Southern elephant seal breeding colonies are divided into Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
2. Baikal Seal
The scientific name of the Baikal seal is Pusa sibirica. This type of animal is recognized as the only pinniped confined to freshwater habitats. The Baikal seal's torpedo-shaped flexible body makes it an elegant swimmer. This animal appears dark silver-gray on the upper parts and yellow-gray on the lower sides. Certain layers of this species provide both pleasure and insulation. Baikal seal lives only in Lake Baikal, Russia.
3. Bearded Seal
The scientific name of the bearded seal is Erignathus barbatus. This type of animal lives in and around the Arctic Ocean. This type of species is called bearded because of its prominent and abundant visors. This type of animal represents an essential food source for predatory polar bears and for the Inuit of the Arctic coast. The whiskers of the bearded seal act as fillers in the silt. This type of species is an intermediate.
4. Caspian Seal
The scientific name of the Caspian seal is Pusa caspica. This type of animal is one of the youngest members of the earless seal family. The Caspian seal is the only debris found in the Caspian Sea. This species is found not only on river banks but also on many rocky islands and floating blocks of ice that drip into the Caspian Sea. The upper part of this type of seal consists of light yellow and dark gray and light gray and belly while the back has irregular dark spots. The gestation period of the Caspian seal is estimated at 11 months.
5. Crabeater Seal
The scientific name for the crabeater seal is Lobodon carcinophagus. This type of animal is known as the most abundant seal species in the world. Abundance is attributed to the exclusive prey of the abundant Antarctic krill of the South Ocean through the use of a crabeater seal-like tooth structure. This species has an average length of 7.5 feet and an average weight of 440 lbs. Crabeater seals are found roaming the southern parts of South America, New Zealand, Africa and Australia.
6. Gray Seal
The scientific name of the gray seal is Halichoerus grypus. This type of animal is found on both shores of the North Atlantic Ocean. This type of species is found large. Gray seals can range in length from 8.2 feet to 10.8 feet and females are 5.2 to 6.6 feet long. Other prey of this species include Brussels sprouts, lobsters, giddies, herring, sand eels, skates and flatfish. This species is protected in the US as well as in the UK. Gray seal cubs have silky white fur.
7. Harbor Seal
The scientific name of this type of species is Phoca vitulina. This type of animal lives on the Arctic and temperate coasts of the Northern Hemisphere. This type of species is most widely distributed among seals with the presence of Baltic Sea, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and North Sea coastal water. This type of species appears tan, gray and silvery white with characteristic V-shaped snouts. Harbor seals usually live in rocky areas to forecast and avoid extreme weather conditions.
8. Harp Seal
The scientific name of the harp seal is Pagophilus groenlandicus. This type of animal is indigenous to the northern regions of the Atlantic Ocean and some parts of the Arctic Ocean. The body of this species appears silver-gray with black harp marks on its back. Harp seal cubs are born with a yellow-white coat. This type of species prefers to live in the ocean and spend some time on land. This type of seal is very social. And the harp seal can be very noisy.
9. Hawaiian Monk Seal
The scientific name of this type of seal is Monachus schauinslandi. This type of seal inhabits mainly the Hawaiian Islands in the northwest, including the Lisianski Islands and Laysan, Kure Atoll, Pearl and Hermes Reef and the Midway Islands. Hawaiian monk seals can swim across land as well as drag on sand, volcanic rocks and corals. This species peels off the top layer of their skin and fur once a year.
10. Hooded Seal
The scientific name of the hooded seal is Cystophora cristata. This type of animal lives in deep water in the far north of the Atlantic Ocean. This species has a silvery or blush gray coat with scattered black spots and spots. The flippers of the hooded seal are heavily clawed. This type of seal is quite antisocial. Hooded seals only come together during breeding and melting. Cubs of this species live on their fat reserves.
11. Leopard Seal
The scientific name of this species is Hydrurga leptonyx. This type of animal is also known as sea leopard. The Leopard seal is known as the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic. The only natural predator of the type of seal is the killer whale. This species is the only species of the genus Hydruga. This type of animal has a white throat and black spots. The lentils of this species are made like crab bitter seals in which they can lock the krill out of the water.
12. Mediterranean Monk Seal
The scientific name of the Mediterranean monk cell is Monachus monachus. This type of animal is classified in the fosside family. The Mediterranean monk seal grows from an average of about 2.6 feet at birth to an average of 7.9 feet in adults. The average lifespan of this species is between 20 and 25 years. The current habitat range of the Mediterranean monk seal has been greatly reduced. This type of seal is now found in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean, the Aegean Sea and the Madeira Archipelago.
13. Northern Elephant Seal
The scientific name of this type of species is Mirounga angustirostris. This type of animal is a member of the Phocidae family. This type of species is named for its large size as well as the large proboscis arranged by males. Northern elephant seals are commonly observed in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Sexual ambiguity is great in the size of this type of species. The mating system of the northern elephant seal is very versatile.
14. Ringed Seal
The scientific name of the ringed seal is Pusa hispida. This type of animal lives in both the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions. And this type of species is found in Hudson Bay, Baltic and Bering Sea. The ringed seal is known as the smallest seal in the Arctic. The ringed seal has a small head, a plump body and a cat-like short tail. The coat of ringed seal appears dark on the sides and back with silver rings and silver belly. The average length of this type of seal is 5 feet. This type of species usually survives on ice flow.
15. Ross Seal
The scientific name of Ross seal is Ommatophoca rossii. This type of animal inhabits ice packs around the Antarctic. This type of species is characterized by very short fur and fairly short head with wide, long blooms and hind flippers and short dull snout. The fur coat of Ross seal is black and dark light or black on its belly and extends from brown to red streaks from lower jaw to chest. Ross seals are mostly solitary. This type of seal does not form large colonies for the species like other seals.
16. Spotted Seal
The scientific name of the spotted seal is Phoca largha. In this type of animal, the lower part of the body is grayish black with the rest of the body. The coat of this species has dark spots and is evenly distributed throughout the body. This type of seal is found near the North Pacific Ocean as well as north of the Arctic Ocean. Spotted seals live on the south coast of pack ice from early winter to early summer and then this species migrates to coastal areas.
17. Weddell Seal
The scientific name of Weddell Seal is Leptonychotes weddellii. The body of this type of animal is found to be spindle-shaped. Weddell seals appear darker-silver gray and lighter at the bottom. Weddell Seal is covered with white, black and gray spots. During the summer, the coat of this species turns brown. This type of seal lives on packed ice and the coast of Antarctica. The Weddell Seal is an excellent diver and can reach depths of over 600 meters. This species can stay underwater for up to 82 minutes.