Tadoba National Park (Andhari Tiger Reserve)

Today we are going to talk about Tadoba National Park. This type of national park is known as a wildlife sanctuary located in the Chandrapur district of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Tadoba National Park is considered to be the oldest and largest national park in Maharashtra. So let's gather a little more information about Tadoba National Park.

History

The Gond kings once ruled over an area of ​​this type around the mountains called Chimur. Hunting in the jungle was banned in 1935. Two decades later, in 1955, the Tadoba National Park was declared a 116.54 sq km national park. In addition to this national park, the Dark Wildlife Sanctuary was built in 1986 in the adjacent forests. The Tadoba National Park and Sanctuary were merged in 1995 to establish the existing Tiger Reserve. Apart from this, a fair is held every year at the temple located at Tadoba National Park, especially during the Hindu month of Pasha, when the tribal people frequent the temple.

Fauna and Flora

Let me tell you that as of 2016, there are 88 tigers in Tadoba National Park. Apart from the Keystone species, other Bengal mammals such as the Indian leopard, chital, sloth, bear, nilgai, dhole, striped hyena, small Indian civet, gaur, jungle cats, sambar, barking deer, chausingha and honey badger. Lake Tadoba includes the Marsh Crocodile and was once considered common throughout Maharashtra.

The reptiles living in Tadoba National Park include the endangered Indian python and the common Indian monitor. In addition, Indian star tortoises, terrapins, Indian cobras and Russell's vipers also live in this type of national park. The lake at Tadoba National Park is also home to a variety of waterfowl and raptors. Tadoba National Park is home to 195 species of birds, including three endangered species. Gray-headed eagles, crested snake eagles and mutant hawk-eagles and some rappers are also found living in Tadoba National Park.

Other bird species found in Tadoba National Park include Bronze-winged Jacana, Orange-headed Thrush, crested treeswift, Stone Curve, Indian Pitta, Crested Honey buzzard, Paradise Flycatcher, Lesser golden backed Woodpecker, Indian Flower Happens. Many species of beautiful butterflies are also found in this national park. Species include water, kings and Mormons.

The endangered species found in Tadoba National Park include the endangered Egg-fly and the Great eggfly. There are also dragonflies, stick insects, gem beetles and other insects of the prayer minister reserve. Giant wood spiders, signature spiders and red wood spiders are often seen in Tadoba National Park during and immediately after the monsoon. Some hunting spiders such as wolf spiders, crab spiders and link spiders are also found in Tadoba National Park.

This type of national park is mainly considered to be the southern tropical arid deciduous forest. Tadoba National Park covers about 87% of the protected area. Teak is the main tree species in Tadoba National Park. Other deciduous trees found in Tadoba National Park include ain, Bija, hald, Salai, Dhauda, ​​ semal and Tendu. Beheda, Karaya Gum, mahua madhuca, palas and Lannea coromandelica, Axlewood, Black Plum and arjun are other tropical trees that grow in Tadoba National Park.

In addition, grass patches are found in Tadoba National Park. Dense bamboo trees grow abundantly here during the reserve. The climber khaj khujli, found in Tadoba National Park and it is a medicinal plant used to treat Parkinson's disease. The willow leaves found in Tadoba National Park are used as insect repellent and the other is a medicinal gum. Beheda is also an important medicine found in Tadoba National Park.

Geography

This National Park is considered to be the largest national park in Maharashtra. The total area of ​​Tadoba National Park is 625.4 square kilometers. This area includes this type of National Park with an area of ​​116.55 sq km and an area of ​​508.85 sq km with a dark wildlife sanctuary. Tadoba National Park covers 32.51 sq km of protected forest and 14.93 sq km of classified land.

There is also a 120 hectare Tadoba lake to the southwest of this national park. And this lake acts as a buffer between the forest and the extensive farmland of Tadoba National Park that extends to the Irai Reservoir. Located in Tadoba National Park, the lake is a perennial water source and provides a good habitat for crocodile crocodiles. Other wetland areas within Tadoba National Park include Coal Lake and the Dark River.

This type of national park covers Chimur Hills for tourists to visit. Tadoba National Park is bounded on the north and west by dense forested hills. Tadoba National Park has rugged terrain from north to south, with thick forests providing relief from very simple meadows and deep valleys. The rocks, lakes and caves on Tadoba National Park provide shelter for many and beautiful animals. The southern part of Tadoba National Park is less hilly than the rest.

Threats

41,644 people live in and around the villages of Tadoba National Park and five of which are within the main area. Those villages in the core zone still cultivate within the main This National Park area. In addition, animals in peripheral villages sometimes gain access to Tadoba National Park and cause additional damage to the habitat of many animals.

Tadoba National Park fires are a constant problem during the dry season. Between 2% and 16% of the gardens in this national park burn continuously each year. The killing of domestic livestock by tigers and pangolins is a frequent occurrence in the neighboring villages of Tadoba National Park and has adversely affected the economic condition of the local people and results in a negative view of reservation management. In 2013, at least four people and 30-50 animals were killed in the area of ​​Tadoba National Park by leopards, tigers and lazy bears.

Weather and Climate

The winter season in Tadoba National Park lasts from November to February. During the winter season, daytime temperatures in this type of national park range from 25 ° –30 ° C and during that time there is a green climate. The summer season in Tadoba National Park is very hot and during this time the temperature here rises to 47 ° C. This is the ideal time for mammals near the lake of National Park as there is less vegetation. The monsoon season in Tadoba National Park begins in June and during the monsoon season; Tadoba National Park receives heavy rainfall with humidity of around 66%.

The rains make the terrain inaccessible as the main areas of This National Park and Andhari Tiger Reserve are closed between July and September and only the buffer zone is open for tourists. A visit to this type of national park in the monsoon season can be a complete pleasure. In addition, the winter season is considered an ideal time for tourists to explore this national park with the surrounding greenery.

Popular Tourist Attractions in and around this national park:
The main attractions for a tourist to visit in this type of national park are the beautiful Tadoba Lake, dense forests, meadows and the beauty of the bursting valley. Apart from Tadoba National Park, tourists can also visit Irai Dam, Mahakali Temple, Nagpur, Urjanagar Lake, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary and Navegaon.

How to Reach

By Road

Tourists can easily reach Tadoba National Park by bus from the nearest bus stop in Chandrapur and Chimur. In addition to this, there is a suitable bus service from some cities and towns in Maharashtra to reach this type of National Park.

By Air

The nearest airport to reach Tadoba National Park is Nagpur Airport and from where cabs are available to This National Park.

By Rail

49 km from Chandrapur and 151 km from Nagpur railway station is considered to be the nearest railway head to this type of national park. And tourists can easily get a cab from those two railway stations.

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