Spacecraft is a machine designed to fly in space outside the space. Spacecraft is used to communicate, explore Earth, navigate, and search for planets. The robotic spacecraft that passes around the planets is known as artificial satellites. The latest Spacecraft And History on the planet Mars is as follows.
- Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan)
- ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter
- InSight & MarCO (Mars Cube One)
2. ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter
This project has been done by the European Space Agency (ESA) and Roscosmos. The spacecraft was launched by UTC on 14 March 2016. The main purpose of this spacecraft is to trace the other trace air present in methane and the atmosphere of the Martian environment, which is to obtain evidence for potential biological activity.
Due to the challenge of understanding the source of methane in the atmosphere of Mars, an independent plan was developed by the orbiter ESA and NASA, which will carry the instrument content to determine its composition or geological classical origin.
3. InSight & MarCO (Mars Cube One)
The purpose of this mission is to conduct internal research through seminar investigation. The launch of the spacecraft was done on March 5, 2018 by Atlas V-401. The main object of this spacecraft is to put the seismometer across the space of Mars to measure earthquake activity and to complete internal 3D models.
Insight is a robotic lender for doing internal research using earthquake tapes. Early inception was called Insight Geophysical Monitoring Station. His name was changed in 2012 after the request by NASA. Insight Lander's payload has a total of 50 kilos.
Mars is one of the first spacecraft created in the form of Cube set. This spacecraft is composed of small components of cube set. Cube set Technology was developed by the California Polytechnic State University and Stanford University. Mars Cube One was launched by NASA's launch service program. This spacecraft was made by Atlas V 401 on March 4, 2016, which failed, after that the mission succeeded on 5 May 2018.
The main purpose of Marco is to examine the minimum communication and navigation technology. When insight lender admission, it is possible to provide real-time communication when race was in the phase of landing. The Marco spacecraft was launched in pairs, which flew to the side of the insight.
In every Marco there are sized radios of softball. It is used to communicate with the ground using the X band, as well as to obtain data from the inaccessible spacecraft using the ultra-high frequency.
The full name of MAVEN is Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN. This mission was developed by NASA to study the atmosphere of Mars during the rotation of Mars. The planet Mars is believed to have an atmosphere and water. MAVEN was launched on November 18, 2013 for carrying Atlas V launching. On 22 September 2014 MAVEN appeared on Mars.
On November 5, 2015, NASA announced that it was found by MAVEN that there has been a significant increase in the storm in the atmosphere. The atmospheric atmospheres of carbon dioxide have gradually changed due to atmospheric cyclones in space. The main contribution to developing this mission is NASA's Mars Scout Program.
On 22 September, the MAVEN spacecraft entered the orbit of Mars. Meanwhile, the spacecraft completed 10 months and 442 million miles of civil war. On Mars, the characteristics of dry river basins and minerals that occur in the presence of water indicate that there was a solid enough atmosphere at a time on Mars.
1. Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan)
Mars Orbiter Mission is also known as Mangalyaan. The spacecraft launched on 5 November 2013, the total value of this mission was Rs 450 crore (US$73 million). To develop the technicians needed for the design, planning, management and operation of this mission. Study the components of the environment including methane and co2.
The mass of the orbiter was 500 kg but at the launch it took 852 kg of fuel and oxidizers. On May 19, 2017, Mars Orbiter Mission reached 1000 days in orbit around Mom, at that time the spacecraft completed 388 orbits of the Earth and sent more than 715 images to Earth. It was found by the officials of the Aruna that he was in good health.
During 2014, China identifies India's successful Mars Orbiter Mission as Asia's pride. ISRO plans to develop Mars Orbiter Mission with a more scientific payload on Mars in 2022-2023 and plan to do well.